ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Investigating the effects of nurse post-discharge follow-up phone calls on the self-efficacy of patients suffering from stroke

Hamid Taghinejad , Masoumeh Otaghi, Azam Nikan, Reza Beiranvand

Hamid Taghinejad
Ilam University of Medical Sciences. Email: hamidtaghinejad@gmail.com

Masoumeh Otaghi
Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Azam Nikan
Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Reza Beiranvand
Dezful University of Medical Sciences
Online First: October 03, 2018 | Cite this Article
Taghinejad, H., Otaghi, M., Nikan, A., Beiranvand, R. 2018. Investigating the effects of nurse post-discharge follow-up phone calls on the self-efficacy of patients suffering from stroke. Bali Medical Journal 7(3). DOI:10.15562/bmj.v7i3.1008


Introduction: Caring for someone suffering from a chronic illness generates a lot of stress for the caregiver and family of the patient. Self-efficacy is a tool to improve health and training to the caregiver; promoting self-efficacy is a significant procedure in patient care and behavioral modification. The purpose of the present study is to determine the effectiveness of follow-up calls by nurses on the self-efficacy of caregivers of patients with stroke.

Methodology: In the present research, a clinical experiment was carried out through pre-test and post-test design with the participation of 70 caregivers of patients with stroke. They were selected through sampling and were randomly assigned to control and intervention groups. Demographic information questionnaire and Sherer general self-efficacy scale were selected as tools for collecting data. Finally, data were analyzed through independent t-test, paired t-test and Chi-Square using SPSS software version 21.

Results: In the present study, the mean age of caregivers was 36.48 ± 10.44 and the majority of caregivers are patients’ children. There was no significant difference in mean score of self-efficacy between the two groups before the intervention (P≥0.05), but after the intervention a significant difference (P≤.05) was observed following an increase in the mean score of self-efficacy in the intervention group. The comparison of self-efficacy score in the intervention group before and after the study demonstrated that the mean score of self-efficacy increased to 63.87 ± 8.79 before intervention and increased to 68.43 ± 7.17 after intervention, and this increase is statistically significant (P = .001).

Conclusion: According to the results of the current study, it can be concluded that the nurse’s follow-up phone call program results in the self-efficacy of caregivers of patients suffering from stroke.

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