ORIGINAL ARTICLE

The relationship between spiritual intelligence, life expectancy, and self- regulation among high school students

Najaf Tahmasbipour , Sadegh Nasri, Zahra Rafieeyazd

Najaf Tahmasbipour
Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University. Email: ntahmasbipour@gmail.com

Sadegh Nasri
Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University

Zahra Rafieeyazd
Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University
Online First: August 05, 2018 | Cite this Article
Tahmasbipour, N., Nasri, S., Rafieeyazd, Z. 2018. The relationship between spiritual intelligence, life expectancy, and self- regulation among high school students. Bali Medical Journal 7(2): 399-406. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v7i2.1086


The present study investigated the relationship between spiritual intelligence and life expectancy and self-regulation among students. The study was a descriptive and correlational research. The population included all high school female students in Tehran province. Using Cochran formula, 384 students were selected as the sample through multi-step cluster random sampling. The instruments included King Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaire (2008), Hope Scale Schneider (1991), and Boufard self-regulation questionnaire (1995). The data was analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics (multivariate regression and canonical correlation).  The results showed that there is a positive relationship between the spiritual intelligence and life expectancy and self-regulation. Also, through Canonical analysis, it was showed that spiritual intelligence explained 26% and 2.5% of variance in life expectancy and self-regulation, respectively. Regression analysis of spiritual intelligence components showed that transcendental consciousness, personal meaning generation, and expanded state of consciousness all together explained 17.4 % of variance in life expectancy. Similarly, 18% of the variance in self-regulation was explained by personal meaning generation and expanded state of consciousness. Due to the important role of spiritual intelligence in life expectancy and self-regulation, it is suggested that spiritual intelligence training for students be taken into account.

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