Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Parent's motivations on sports participation of their children with Down’s syndrome in Russia


Background: Regular physical exercises can improve physical and mental health and especially important for individuals with extensive disorders, such as Down’s syndrome. For the success of rehabilitation, it is necessary to involve the parents of children with Down’s syndrome in the process. By understanding the parents' motivation, a successful training program will be possible.

Aim: This study is aimed to determine the importance degree of various parents’ motivations in sports participation of their children with Down’s syndrome.

Method: A survey was conducted in 137 families from 22 regions of Russia in November 2016. The survey included 23 motivational statements and parents were asked to rate the importance of each statement on a scale of 1 to 10. The results were divided into 5 groups based on the importance of the motivational statements: “absolutely importantâ€, “importantâ€, “difficult to sayâ€, “not importantâ€, and “absolutely not importantâ€. Statistical analysis was done using average values method.

Result: Parents considered the following reasons to let their children participate in sports as “absolutely importantâ€: to implement healthy and active lifestyle; to develop interaction skills in a group, independence, and dexterity; to improve the skills of large-scale body movements and coordination of movements; and to encourage socialization. None of the motivational statements were considered as “absolutely not importantâ€.

Conclusion: This study found that parents considered the majority of the motivational statements as important. Considering the parents’ motives will encourage the sports participation of children with Down’s syndrome.


  1. Vatnikov Yu.A., Zavalishina S.Yu., Pliushchikov V.G., Kuznetsov V.I., Seleznev S.B., Kubatbekov T.S., Rystsova E.O., Parshina V.I. Early-changes diagnostics of erythrocytes microrheological features in the model of dyslipidemia development in rats at the late stages of ontogenesis. Bali Medical Journal. 2017; 6(1): 216-222. doi: 10.15562/bmj.v6i1.483
  2. Zavalishina S.Yu., Vatnikov Yu.A., Kulikov E.V., Yagnikov S.A., Karamyan A.S., Sturov N.V., Byakhova V.M., Kochneva M.V., Petryaeva A.V. Diagnostics of erythrocytes’ microrheological features and early abnormalities of rats in the model of experimental hypertension development. Bali Medical Journal. 2017; 6(3): 470-475. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i3.589
  3. Vatnikov Yu.A., Zavalishina S.Yu., Kulikov E.V., Vilkovysky I.F., Nikishov A.A., Drukovsky S.G., Krotova E.A., Khomenets N.G., Bolshakova M.V. Correctional abilities of regular muscle activity in relation to erythrocytes’ microrheological features of rats with experimentally developed hypertension. Bali Medical Journal. 2017; 6(3): 449-456. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i3.586
  4. Kotova O.V., Zavalishina S.Yu., Makurina O.N., Kiperman Ya.V., Savchenko A.P., Skoblikova T.V., Skripleva E.V., Zacepin V.I., Skriplev A.V., Andreeva V.Yu. Impact estimation of long regular exercise on hemostasis and blood rheological features of patients with incipient hypertension. Bali Medical Journal. 2017; 6(3): 514-520. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i3.552
  5. Skoryatina, I.A. Zavalishina, S.Yu. Ability to aggregation of basic regular blood elements of patients with hypertension and dyslipidemia receiving non-medication and simvastatin. Bali Medical Journal. 2017; 6(3): 514-520. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i3.552
  6. Bikbulatova A.A., Karplyuk A.A., Tarasenko O.V. Model of Activities of the Resource Training Center of the Russian State Social University in Terms of Professional Orientation and Employment of Persons with Disabilities. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 2017; 22(1): 26-33.
  7. Bikbulatova A.A., Pochinok N.B. Professional Skills Competitions for People with Disabilities as a Mechanism for Career Guidance and Promotion of Employment in People with Special Needs. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 2017; 22(1) : 81-87.
  8. Zavalishina S.Yu., Nagibina E.V. Dynamics of microrheology characteristics of erythrocyte in children 7-8 years with scoliosis with therapeutic physical training and massage. Technologies of Living Systems. 2012; 9(4) : 29-34.
  9. Venevtsev S.I. Adaptive sports for people with intellectual disabilities. Moscow: Soviet Sport, 2004. 96.
  10. Makhov A.S. Theory and practice of managing the development of adaptive sports in Russia. Shuya: publishing house of the Shuya branch of the Ivanovo State University, 2013. 185.
  11. Queen A.A., Ochirova O.A. Organization of sports rehabilitation of people with disabilities in Russia. East-Siberian State University of Technology and Management, 2014. P.128-129.
  12. Jalilov A.V., Makhov A.S. Combat Sambo in the system of physical culture and sports movement of people with hearing impairment: theory, methodology, practice. Shuya: publishing house of the Shuya branch of the Ivanovo State University, 2017. 120.
  13. Kazakova T.E., Makhov A.S. The main problems of the development of Paralympic boccia in Russia. Theory and practice of physical culture. 2015; 8: 37-40.
  14. Dumbaev A.E., Popova Т.V. Invalid, society and law. Almaty: Verna, 2006. 180.
  15. Guselnikova E.V. Possibilities of realization of a principle of an individualization on employment on physical training in high school: the dissertation of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Khabarovsk, 2000. 143.

How to Cite

Makhov, A., & Medvedev, I. N. (2020). Parent’s motivations on sports participation of their children with Down’s syndrome in Russia. Bali Medical Journal, 9(1), 47–50.




Search Panel

A.S. Makhov
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal

Ilya Nikolayevich Medvedev
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal