ORIGINAL ARTICLE

A comparative assessment of alveolar bone loss using bitewing, periapical, and panoramic radiography

Cek Dara Manja , M. Edwin Fransiari

Cek Dara Manja
Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sumatera Utara. Email: cekdaramanja@yahoo.co.id

M. Edwin Fransiari
Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sumatera Utara
Online First: October 03, 2018 | Cite this Article
Manja, C., Fransiari, M. 2018. A comparative assessment of alveolar bone loss using bitewing, periapical, and panoramic radiography. Bali Medical Journal 7(3). DOI:10.15562/bmj.v%vi%i.1191


Background: Radiology in dentistry has a pivotal role in obtaining information for diagnostic. There is some radiographic examination often used to measure alveolar bone loss such as bitewing, periapical and panoramic. This study aims to determine the accuracy of bitewing, periapical, and panoramic radiography on the assessment of alveolar bone loss.

Method: A cross-sectional analytic method was carried out to 11 samples using bitewing, periapical, and panoramic radiography respectively. Data were analyzed by T-independent sample test.

Results: The average mean value of alveolar bone loss measurement clinically in the skull was 2 mm, but 2.2 ± 0,36 mm, 2.3 ± 0.41 mm, and 2.6 ± 0.66 mm in the bitewing, periapical, and panoramic radiography respectively. The accuracy of bitewing radiographs had the highest percentage comparing with periapical and panoramic radiography (90%: 85%: 70% respectively). In addition, the study found there was no statistically different in among groups (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: Bitewing, periapical, and panoramic radiographic as a comparative assessment found no statistically different in the measurement of Alveolar Bone Loss.

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