ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Bacterial pattern and its susceptibility toward antibiotic on burn infection in Burn Unit Sanglah General Hospital

Anak Agung Bagus Bramardipa , I Dewa Made Sukrama, Ni Nyoman Sri Budayanti

Anak Agung Bagus Bramardipa
Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University.. Email: bramardipa@gmail.com

I Dewa Made Sukrama
Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University.

Ni Nyoman Sri Budayanti
Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University.
Online First: April 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Bramardipa, A., Sukrama, I., Budayanti, N. 2019. Bacterial pattern and its susceptibility toward antibiotic on burn infection in Burn Unit Sanglah General Hospital. Bali Medical Journal 8(1). DOI:10.15562/bmj.v8i1.1456


Introduction:  Infection is one of the most common complications of burns due to the invasion of microorganisms from the surrounding environment to other tissues under the skin. It is currently a big problem as a consequence of multidrug-resistant antibiotics bacteria. In order to give a proper initial empirical treatment, the pattern of bacteria and its resistance should be identified. This study aimed to identify the bacteria pattern on burn wound infections and its resistance to antibiotics in the Burn Unit of Sanglah General Hospital.

Methods: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample of this study was data of patients’ culture test from the burn unit that were recorded in the registration book of the Laboratory of Microbiology, Sanglah General Hospital from 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2017.

Result: A Total number of 194 data patients’ culture test from the burn unit were found from the registration book of the Laboratory of Microbiology, Sanglah General Hospital, of which 98 of the data showed pathogenic bacterial growth and 118 bacteria were identified. It was dominated by gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26.3%), Acinetobacter baumanii (26.3%), Klebsiella pneumonia ssp pneumonia (8.5%) and gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus (12.7%). The results of the culture test showed that these bacteria were resistant to many antibiotics.

Conclusion: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumanii, Klebsiella pneumonia ssp pneumonia, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus were the most common bacteria found in the swab culture examination of burn patients in the Burn Unit of Sanglah General Hospital.

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