ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Development of rabies eradication package, a family-based health promotion media to prevent rabies in Buleleng, Bali, Indonesia

Komang Hendra Setiawan , Ari Natalia Probandari, Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari, Didik Gunawan Tamtono

Komang Hendra Setiawan
1. Doctoral Program in Medical Science, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia 2. Department of Public Health , Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Singaraja, Indonesia. Email: komanghendras@gmail.com

Ari Natalia Probandari
1. Doctoral Program in Medical Science, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia 2. Department of Public Health , Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari
1. Doctoral Program in Medical Science, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia 2. Department of Public Health , Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Didik Gunawan Tamtono
1. Doctoral Program in Medical Science, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia 2. Department of Public Health , Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Singaraja, Indonesia
Online First: August 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Setiawan, K., Probandari, A., Pamungkasari, E., Tamtono, D. 2019. Development of rabies eradication package, a family-based health promotion media to prevent rabies in Buleleng, Bali, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 8(2). DOI:10.15562/bmj.v8i2.1512


Background : Rabies occurred in Bali since 2008, and in 2017 rabies cases were still found in Bali, including in Buleleng Regency. Prevention of rabies in Bali must involve the participation of the community especially family, which is in direct contact with dogs. This study aims to develop family-based health promotion media, which is later called as the rabies eradication package, to overcome rabies in Buleleng, Bali.

Methods:  This study uses the research and development (R&D) method. which consists of 5 phases, namely analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. at the implementation and evaluation stage researchers used a quasi-experimental approach. The total number of samples used was 100 families taken from 2 villages. The variables measured were the level of knowledge and attitudes towards prevention of rabies. data analysis using the Mann-Whitney U test.

Result :   This study develop rabies eradication package as a family-based health promotion media. This package consists of a rabies eradication book, a dog vaccination card, a medical history cards and bite wound treatment tools. Of the 100 respondents in the study sample, 50 respondents who were included in the treatment group, which received a rabies eradication package for 1 month, experienced a significant increase in knowledge (p <0.001) and attitudes (p <0.001) in prevention of rabies compared to the control group.

Conclusion : Rabies eradication package can be used as a family-based health promotion media to increase rabies prevention efforts because it can increase knowledge and attitudes in preventing rabies

References

Dinas Kesehatan Propinsi Bali. Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Bali Tahun 2015. 2016 [Available at: http://www.diskes.baliprov.go.id ] [Accessed on April 8th 2018].

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Data dan Informasi, Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2017. 2018. [Available at: http://www.pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/profil-Kesehatan-indonesia/Data-dan-Informasi_Profil-Kesehatan-Indonesia-2017.pdf] [Accessed on February 16th 2019]

Digafe RT, Kifelew LG, Mechesso AF. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies: questionnaire survey in rural household heads of Gondar Zuria District, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:400

Morters MK, Restif O, Hampson K, Cleaveland S, Wood JL, Conland AJ. Evidence-based control of canine rabies: a critical review of population density reduction. J Anim Ecol. 2013;82(1):6-14.

Townsend SE, Sumantra IP, Pudjiatmoko, Bagus GN, Brum E, Cleaveland S, et al. Designing programs for eliminating canine rabies from islands: Bali, Indonesia as a case study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;22;7(8):e2372

Jemberu WT, Molla W, Almaw G, Alemu S. Incidence of rabies in humans and domestic animals and people’s awareness in North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7(5):e2216.

Wasay M, Malik A, Fahim A, Yousuf A, Chawla R., Daniel H, et al. Knowledge and attitudes about tetanus and rabies: a population-based survey from Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc. 2012;62(4):378-82.

Setiawan KH, Probandari AN, Pamungkasari EP, Tamtomo DG. Human behaviour in keeping dogs and its relationship to rabies. International Research Journal of Management, IT, & Social Sciences. 2018;5(6):105-113.

Dibia IN, Sumiarto B, Susetya H, Putra AAG, Scott-orr H. Risk factors analysis for rabies indogs in Bali. Jurnal Veteriner. 2015;16(3):389-398

Wattimena JC, Suharyo. Beberapa Faktor Resiko Kejadian Rabies pada Anjing di Ambon. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2010;6(1):24-29.

Castellanos DC, Abrahamsem K. Using the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model to Assess Dietary Needs in the Hispanic Population in Northeastern Pennsylvania. Hisp Health Care Int. 2014;12(1):43-53.

Pournaghash-Tehrani S, Etemadi S. ED and quality of life in CABG patients: an intervention study using PRECEDE-PROCEED education program. Int J Impot Res. 2014;26(1):16-9.

Aukrust VG. Learning ang Cognition in Education. Amsterdam; Boston: Academic Press. 2011

Wu H, Chen J, Zou L, Zheng L, Zhang W, Meng Z, et al. Community-based interventions to enhance knowledge, protective attitudes and behaviors towards canine rabies: results from a health communication intervention study in Guangxi, China. BMC Infect Dis. 2016;16:701

Albarracin D, Shavitt S. Attitudes and Attitude Change. Annu Rev Psychol. 2018;69:299-327.

Wang D, Stewart D, Chang C, Shi Y. Effect of a school-based nutrition education program on adolescents’ nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in rural areas of China. Environ Health Prev Med. 2015;20(4):271–278.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 0
PDF Downloads : 0