ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Identification factors affecting adolescent’s reproductive health behavior: a qualitative study

Endang Triyanto , Yayi Suryo Prabandari, Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti, Sri Werdati

Endang Triyanto
Student in Doctoral Program- Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Lecturer in Nursing Study Program, Health Sciences Faculty, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Indonesia. Email: endangtriyanto@yahoo.com

Yayi Suryo Prabandari
Lecturer in Nursing Study Program, Health Sciences Faculty, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Indonesia

Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti
Lecturer in Magister Public Health Program, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Sri Werdati
Lecturer in Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Triyanto, E., Prabandari, Y., Yuniarti, K., Werdati, S. 2019. Identification factors affecting adolescent’s reproductive health behavior: a qualitative study. Bali Medical Journal 8(3): 852-858. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v8i3.1539


Introduction: Sexual risk behavior is mostly conducted by adolescents when the puberty started. The motivations underlies such behavior are varied including those related to individual, peers, family, and the environment. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the factors that affect adolescent’s reproductive health behavior.

Methods: This study used qualitative method with purposive sampling on high risk and low risk adolescents. Exploration was conducted in accordance with several behavior theories such as Ecological Model of Health Behavior, Problem Behavior Theory and Integrated Behavior Model. Data collection was conducted by in-depth interviews in 2018 at Banyumas District. The results of the interviews were then analyzed by content analysis technique. 

Results: According to the results of content analysis, we found that reproductive behavior among adolescents was affected by two broad categories of factors namely individual internal factors and external factors. Individual internal factors were including age related risk, self-helplessness, knowledge, attitude, perceived norm, and lifestyle. External factors were determined by negative influence of peers, family, and environment risk. Peers, family, lifestyle and external factors seemed to influence personal values which could act as risk factor or protective factor depending on the nature of those factors involved.

Conclusion: This research revealed that reproductive health behavior among adolescents was influenced by multiple factors that interact with one another.

 

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