ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Diagnostic validity of CAVeA2T2 score in predicting failure of radiocephalic arteriovenal fistula in terminal stage renal failure patients at Sanglah Hospital, Bali, Indonesia

Ardi Juanda , Ketut Putu Yasa, I Gede Raka Widiana

Ardi Juanda
Surgery Resident, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana / Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia. Email: ardisinulingga@gmail.com

Ketut Putu Yasa
Cardiothoracic Division, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana / Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia

I Gede Raka Widiana
Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana / Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Juanda, A., Yasa, K., Widiana, I. 2019. Diagnostic validity of CAVeA2T2 score in predicting failure of radiocephalic arteriovenal fistula in terminal stage renal failure patients at Sanglah Hospital, Bali, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 8(3): S807-S811. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v8i3.1571


Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health problem with increasing prevalence and incidence and poor prognosis. As a result, more patients will be in terminal stage kidney failure and require placement of vascular access for hemodialysis. Mature and functional arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is considered the best modality for access to hemodialysis. This study aims to examine the CAVeA2T2 scores in predicting failure of arteriovenous fistula radiocephalic, significant factors related to failure of arteriovenous fistula so that it can be used to predict failure using a scoring system to predict primary failure and secondary failure fistula.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Sanglah Hospital, Bali, Indonesia, during the study period. This study using diagnostic test evaluation method using ROC curve analysis on months 1 and 3, a total of 50 populations obtained using Purposive sampling quota period April 2018 - December 2018 and failure of Hemodialysis as gold standard. Data were analyzed using Stata version 12 for Windows.

Results: Results of the CAVeA2T2 score where the maximum score of 7 was analyzed using the ROC curve, the cutoff point was obtained at month 1 ≥5 with AUC 0.8987 and at 3 months ≥ 4 with AUC 0.3966 sensitivity and specificity CAVeA2T2 score of 91.3% and 75% in month 1, in the 3rd month 85.7% and 87.5% were obtained.

Conclusion: Sensitivity and specificity values that provide a good value so that the CAVeA2T2 score can be used to predict failure of arteriovenous radiocephalic fistulas.

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