ORIGINAL ARTICLE

The correlations of knowledge, attitude, and smoking behaviour with smoking cessation effort at coffee shops in Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Muhammad Faris Alfianto, Yopie Afriandi Habibie , Muhammad Ridwan, Teuku Zulfikar, Liza Salawati

Muhammad Faris Alfianto
Scholar of Faculty of Medicine Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Yopie Afriandi Habibie
Division of Thoracic Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, The Dr. Zainoel Abidin General Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Email: yopie@unsyiah.ac.id

Muhammad Ridwan
Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Syiah Kuala, The Dr. Zainoel Abidin General Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Teuku Zulfikar
Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Syiah Kuala, The Dr. Zainoel Abidin General Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Liza Salawati
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
Online First: August 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Alfianto, M., Habibie, Y., Ridwan, M., Zulfikar, T., Salawati, L. 2020. The correlations of knowledge, attitude, and smoking behaviour with smoking cessation effort at coffee shops in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 9(2): 451-455. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v9i2.1729


Background: The highest prevalence of smokers aged 15 years and above is occupied by the Republic of Indonesia with a percentage reaching 76.2%. Aceh Province leads the highest prevalence of smokers aged of ≥10 years (24.0%) compared to the mean of Indonesia (24.3%). Researchers are encouraged to discuss about smoking cessation efforts that might be carried out by the knowledge, attitudes, and smoking habits in the people of the City of Banda Aceh.  

Methods: This study aims to find out the correlation between knowledge, attitudes and smoking behaviour towards the smoking cessation efforts in Banda Aceh. Using a cross-sectional design with accidental sampling technique at six most visited coffee shops in Banda Aceh. All the data were collected using GATS (Global Adult Tobacco Surveillance) questionnaire that had been modified, and conducted by direct interview. All respondent had received signed informed consent.

Results: A total of 111 active smokers was collected. This study indicated that smokers have average smoking cessation efforts more than 30 days (41.4%), dominantly well educated (60.4%), neutral attitude (72.1%), and mild smokers (79.3%). We also found that smoking cessation efforts were influenced by knowledge (p=0.036), attitudes (p=0.025), and smoking behaviour (p=0.001).

Conclusion: There are correlations between knowledge, attitudes, and smoking behaviour towards the smoking cessation efforts in Banda Aceh.

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