ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Correlation of CD44 and CD24 expression with the positive response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in stage IIIB breast cancer patient at Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital, Malang, Indonesia

Muhammad Bachtiar Budianto , Artono Isharanto, Andry Haris

Muhammad Bachtiar Budianto
Department of Oncology Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia. Email: harbdumub@gmail.com

Artono Isharanto
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Andry Haris
General Surgery Resident, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
Online First: April 01, 2021 | Cite this Article
Budianto, M., Isharanto, A., Haris, A. 2021. Correlation of CD44 and CD24 expression with the positive response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in stage IIIB breast cancer patient at Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital, Malang, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 10(1): 99-102. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v10i1.2123


Background: Breast cancer is a type of cancer due to abnormal cell growth of breast tissue. CD44 and CD24 is a potential target in breast cancer therapy. This study aims to evaluate the responsiveness of stage 3 breast cancer to chemotherapy by measuring the expression levels of CD44 and CD24 molecules

Methods: We conducted an observational study with pre-and –post-intervention or test research types. This study was performed on 49 Luminal Stadium IIIB subtype breast cancer patients who received 3 series of neoadjuvant chemotherapy at RSUD dr. Saiful Anwar Malang, immunohistochemical examination, and painting of tissue specimens from the biopsy results. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 for Windows.

Results: Based on the Paired t-test and discriminant analysis, there were no significant differences between CD44 and CD24 expression before and after chemotherapy (p=0.501 and p=0.097, respectively). Therefore, the results of the study prompt that the expression of CD44 and CD24 could not be a predictor of the chemotherapy response.

Conclusion: There are different expressions of CD44 and CD44 in primary breast cancer before and after chemotherapy, but no significant difference was found.

References

Veronesi U, Boyle P, Goldhirsch A, Orecchia R, Viale G. Breast cancer. Lancet. 2005;365(9472):1727-1741.

Rojas K, Stuckey A. Breast Cancer Epidemiology and Risk Factors. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2016;59(4):651-672.

Momenimovahed Z, Salehiniya H. Epidemiological characteristics of and risk factors for breast cancer in the world. Breast Cancer (Dove Med Press). 2019;11:151-164.

Naor D, Nedvetzki S, Golan I, Melnik L, Faitelson Y. CD44 in cancer. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. 2002;39(6):527-579.

Nam K, Oh S, Lee KM, Yoo SA, Shin I. CD44 regulates cell proliferation, migration, and invasion via modulation of c-Src transcription in human breast cancer cells. Cell Signal. 2015;27(9):1882-1894.

Tang J, Cai H, Lin L, Xie P, Zhong W, Tang M. Increased expression of CD24 is associated with tumor progression and prognosis in patients suffering osteosarcoma. Clin Transl Oncol. 2013;15(7):541-547.

Lee JH, Kim SH, Lee ES, Kim YS. CD24 overexpression in cancer development and progression: a meta-analysis. Oncol Rep. 2009;22(5):1149-1156.

Jaggupilli A, Elkord E. Significance of CD44 and CD24 as cancer stem cell markers: an enduring ambiguity. Clin Dev Immunol. 2012;2012:708036.

Idowu MO, Kmieciak M, Dumur C, Burton RS, Grimes MM, Powers CN, et al. CD44(+)/CD24(-/low) cancer stem/progenitor cells are more abundant in triple-negative invasive breast carcinoma phenotype and are associated with poor outcome. Hum Pathol. 2012;43(3):364-73.

Foubert E, De Craene B, Berx G. Key signalling nodes in mammary gland development and cancer. The Snail1-Twist1 conspiracy in malignant breast cancer progression. Breast Cancer Res. 2010;12(3):206.

Horiguchi K, Toi M, Horiguchi S, Sugimoto M, Naito Y, Hayashi Y, et al. Predictive value of CD24 and CD44 for neoadjuvant chemotherapy response and prognosis in primary breast cancer patients. J Med Dent Sci. 2010;57(2):165-75.

Wang H, Wang L, Song Y, Wang S, Huang X, Xuan Q, et al. CD44+/CD24-phenotype predicts a poor prognosis in triple-negative breast cancer. Oncol Lett. 2017;14(5):5890-5898.

Jang MH, Kang HJ, Jang KS, Paik SS, Kim WS. Clinicopathological analysis of CD44 and CD24 expression in invasive breast cancer. Oncol Lett. 2016;12(4):2728-2733.

Wiranata S, Anjani IAW, Saputra IPGS, Sadvika IGAS, Prabawa IPY, Supadmanaba IG, et al. Pretreatment Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as a Stage Determination in Breast Cancer. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2020;8(B):1058-1063.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 0
PDF Downloads : 0