ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Relationship between body mass index, handgrip, and cognitive status on frailty status in elderly women

Dwi Ngestiningsih, Hermina Sukmaningtyas, Timothy G Susanto, Enny Probosari

Dwi Ngestiningsih
Internal Medicine Department, Medical Biology and Biochemistry Division, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

Hermina Sukmaningtyas
Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

Timothy G Susanto
General Practitioner, Research Assistant, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

Enny Probosari
Clinical Nutrition Science Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia. Email: probosarienny@yahoo.com
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Ngestiningsih, D., Sukmaningtyas, H., Susanto, T., Probosari, E. 2020. Relationship between body mass index, handgrip, and cognitive status on frailty status in elderly women. Bali Medical Journal 9(3): 703-706. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v9i3.2147


Background: Decreased health due to the aging process is characterized by a decrease in the function and work of the body's organs which triggers the risk of disability and frailty, especially in postmenopausal women prone to sarcopenia which can worsen the condition of the elderly. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between body mass index, handgrip, and cognitive status on frailty status in elderly women at some elderly integrated health services (posyandu lansia), Semarang City, Indonesia.

Methods: This study used a cross sectional design with a consecutive sampling method of 70 subjects. Subjects measured vital signs, weight and height. Subjects were then assessed for handgrip strength, cognitive status and frailty status. Univariate and bivariate data analysis used SPSS 25.0 with the Spearman correlation test.

Results: A total of 70 elderly women followed this study with an average age of 65.96 years. As many as 67.1% of elderly women have hypertension. There are 70% of all elderly women with pre-frail status and 4.3% with frail status. There is no significant relationship between body mass index and frailty status (p=0.328). There is no significant relationship between handgrip and frailty status (p=0.476). There is no significant relationship between cognitive status and frailty status (p=0.664).

Conclusion: The elderly women at the some elderly integrated health services, Semarang City mostly have pre-frail status. There is no significant relationship between body mass index, handgrip, and cognitive status on frailty status in elderly women.

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