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Endoscopic spine surgery for cervicothoracic spine neurofibroma: a case report

Abstract

Introduction: Spinal tumors are rare lesions. The incidence of spinal tumors is about 0.5-2.5 cases per 100,000 population per year.1 Thirty percent of spinal tumors are located intradural. Twenty to thirty percent of intradural tumors are schwannoma and spinal neurofibroma.2 Surgery is the leading choice for schwannomas and neurofibromas that grow progressively or cause neurological deficits.2,3,4 Currently, minimally invasive surgery is developing rapidly, including minimally invasive surgery on spine surgery.Better outcomes are expected in endoscopic spine surgery compared to conventional spine surgery techniques.This paper aims to provide an overview of endoscopic procedures for the surgical removal of spinal tumors.

Case description: A 59-year-old man presented paraplegia of both lower limbs. The patient complained difficulty walking for nine months before admitted to the hospital. The patient also complained of difficulty moving both of his legs, burning pain sensation, pain and numbness sensation that radiates from chest region to both of his toes, he felt that his chest was tied, and he complained hard to breathe when he feels pain. Complaints are getting worse until the patient was unable to walk. We found intra-dural extramedullary lesion from the MRI that was suspicious of a nerve cell sheath tumor. The patient underwent surgical treatment for tumor removal with an endoscopic technique, the cancer was complete. From the histopathology, the tumor was a neurofibroma tumor.

Conclusion: Neurofibroma is one of the most frequently intradural extramedullary spinal tumors. Good imaging can guide the diagnosis and a good plan for manage patients with spinal tumors. Complete tumor resection provides a better prognosis in patients with neurofibromas. With endoscopic techniques, total spinal tumor removal surgery can be performed. The surgical procedure for spinal tumors using an endoscopic approach may be an option for spinal neurofibromas patients.

References

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  2. Kornienko VN, Pronin IN. Diagnostic Neuroradiology. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Oct;30(9):E136. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A1709. PMCID: PMC7051495.
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  4. Fernandes RL, Lynch JC, Welling L, et al. Complete removal of the spinal nerve sheath tumors. Surgical technics and results from a series of 30 patients. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2014;72(4):312– 17
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How to Cite

Sartika, D., Risdianto, A., Saputro, A., Brotoarianto, H. K., Priambada, D., Muttaqin, Z., Andar, E. B. P. S., Arifin, M. T., Prihastomo, K. T., & Bakhtiar, Y. (2021). Endoscopic spine surgery for cervicothoracic spine neurofibroma: a case report. Bali Medical Journal, 10(1), 373–376. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i1.2184

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Dewi Sartika
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Ajid Risdianto
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Abdi Saputro
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Happy Kurnia Brotoarianto
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Dody Priambada
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Zainal Muttaqin
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Erie Bambang Priyono Setyabudi Andar
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Muhammad Thohar Arifin
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Krisna Tsaniadi Prihastomo
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Yuriz Bakhtiar
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