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Correlation of low vitamin D status with atopic dermatitis severity in children

  • Habibah Hasyim Lubis ,
  • Kristo Alberto Nababan ,
  • Deryne Anggia Paramita ,

Abstract

Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disorder. Vitamin D has some roles in immunologic mechanisms. Vitamin D may influence the severity of AD. Previous studies of vitamin D correlation in children with atopic dermatitis have revealed conflicting results. This study determines the correlation between low vitamin D status with the severity of atopic dermatitis in children. 

Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical study with a cross-sectional approach that involved DA subjects aged ≤17 years with low vitamin D status. The recording of basics data and examination of subjects included assessing the scoring atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) score and measuring 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level for all subjects. Statistical analyses were performed using Pearson's correlation coefficients, with P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. 

Result: A total of 30 subjects with AD with the most extensive distribution was in the age group of 11–17 years (53.33%), sex proportions were equal both male (50%) and female (50%), all subjects have an atopic family history (100%). The mean vitamin D level was 18,02 ± 4,56 ng/ ml (deficiency), and the mean SCORAD score was 20,03 ± 5,80 (mild). There was a significantly strong negative correlation between low serum vitamin D level and severity of AD in children (r = -0.666, p = 0.001). 

Conclusion: Lower vitamin D status is inversely associated with the severity of AD in children.

 

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How to Cite

Lubis, H. H., Nababan, K. A., & Paramita, D. A. (2021). Correlation of low vitamin D status with atopic dermatitis severity in children. Bali Medical Journal, 10(1), 291–295. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i1.2203

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Habibah Hasyim Lubis
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Kristo Alberto Nababan
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Deryne Anggia Paramita
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