Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Finite element analysis of artificial hip joint implant made from stainless steel 316L

  • Rilo Berdin Taqriban ,
  • Rifky Ismail ,
  • J Jamari ,
  • A Priharyoto Bayuseno ,


Background: AISI 316L stainless steel material is one of the widely used hip joint implant material. Even with excellent properties for the hip joint implant, this material is likely to fail after 12-15 years of implantation because of excessive wear and stresses. The computational analysis using the finite element method can be used to analyze the stress in the hip joint implant. The study aims to evaluate the stresses and safety factors analysis on the hip joint implant using four different types of AISI 316L materials from several manufacturers are highlighted as the objective of this study.

Method: There are four different types of AISI 316L materials used in this study, which are manufactured with different methods. These materials are simulated into Diponegoro University's artificial hip joint design. The ASTM F2996-13 and ISO 7206-4 are considered standard references in the simulation for loading and boundary condition application.

Results: Based on the static structural analysis, the total deformation, equivalent elastic strain, equivalent von-Mises stress, and the safety factor are obtained from Undip hip joint implant design.

Conclusion: The analysis concludes that the four types of stainless steel materials are safe for UNDIP hip joint implants, which have >1 safety factor. The highest safety factor is obtained from the forging material but has a high manufacturing cost that needs to be optimized.


  1. Merola M, Affatato S. Materials for Hip Prostheses: A Review of Wear and Loading Considerations. Materials (Basel). 2019;12(3):495. doi: 10.3390/ma12030495.
  2. Young JJ, Skou ST, Koes BW, Grønne DT, Roos EM. Proportion of patients with hip osteoarthritis in primary care identified by differing clinical criteria: a cross-sectional study of 4699 patients. Osteoarthr Cartil Open. 2020;2(4):100111. doi:
  3. Ali M, Brogren E, Atroshi I. Assessment of a novel computer software in diagnosing radiocarpal osteoarthritis on plain radiographs of patients with previous distal radius fracture. Osteoarthr Cartil Open. ;2(4):100112. doi:
  4. Al-Sanea A, Eltayeb M, Kumar NN. Simulation and Analysis of Artificial Hip Joint Using Software Modeling. Int Conf Comput Control Electr Electron Eng (ICCCEEE). 2018. doi:10.1109/ICCCEEE.2018.8515835.
  5. Di Puccio F, Mattei L. Biotribology of artificial hip joints. World J Orthop. 2015;6:77–94.
  6. Bergmann G, Graichen F, Rohlmann A. Hip joint loading during walking and running, measured in two patients. J Biomech. 1993;26:969–990.
  7. Ismail R, Saputra E, Tauviqirrahman M, Legowo AB, Anwar IB, Jamari J. Numerical Study of Salat Movements for Total Hip Replacement Patient. AMM. 2014;493:426–31.
  8. Saputra E, Budiwan Anwar I, Ismail R, Jamari J, van der Heide E. Numerical simulation of artificial hip joint movement for western and Japanese-style activities. J Teknol (Sciences Eng). 2014;66: 53–58.
  9. Saputra, E., Anwar, I. B., Ismail, R., Jamari, J. & Van Der Heide, E. Finite element study of contact pressure distribution on inner and outer liner in the bipolar hip prosthesis. AIP Conference Proceedings. 2016;1725:1-6.
  10. Towijaya, T., Ismail, R. & Jamari, J. Design of a hip prosthetic tribometer based on salat gait cycle. AIP Conference Proceedings. 2017;1788:1-7.
  11. Anwar IB, Santoso A, Saputra E, Ismail R, Jamari J, Van der Heide E. Human Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Cell Reactions to 316L Stainless Steel: An in Vitro Study on Cell Viability and Interleukin-6 Expression. Adv Pharm Bull. 2017;7(2):335-338. doi: 10.15171/apb.2017.040.
  12. Annanto, G. P. et al. The effect of femoral head size on the cement mantle in the layered artificial hip joint. AIP Conference Proceedings. 2019;2114:1-7.
  13. Hakim RAN, Al and Kurdi O, Ismail R, Nugroho S, Jamari J, Fitriyana DF, et al. Mechanical Properties of Aisi 316L for Artificial Hip Joint Materials Made by Investment Casting. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology. 2020;11(6):175-183.
  14. Di Puccio F, Mattei L. Biotribology of artificial hip joints. World J Orthop. 2015;6(1):77-94. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v6.i1.77.
  15. Anwar I, Saputra E, Jamari J, Van Der Heide E. Preliminary Study on the Biocompatibility of Stainless Steel 316L and UHMWPE Material. Adv Mater Res. 2015;1123:160–163.
  16. Catauro M, Papale F, Sapio L, Naviglio S. Biological influence of Ca/P ratio on calcium phosphate coatings by sol-gel processing. Mater Sci Eng C. 2016;65:188–193.
  17. Fonseca-García A, Pérez-Alvarez J, Barrera CC, Medina JC, Almaguer-Flores A, Sánchez RB, Rodil SE. The effect of simulated inflammatory conditions on the surface properties of titanium and stainless steel and their importance as biomaterials. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2016;66:119-129. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2016.04.035.
  18. Vaverka M, Návrat TS, Vrbka M, Florian Z, Fuis V. Stress and strain analysis of the hip joint using FEM. Technol Heal Care Off J Eur Soc Eng Med. 2006;14:271–279.
  19. Bachtar F, Chen X, Hisada T. Finite element contact analysis of the hip joint. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2006;44:643–651.
  20. Rapperport DJ, Carter DR, Schurman DJ. Contact Finite Element Stress Analysis of the Hip Joint and the Acetabular Region. Current Interdisciplinary Research. 1985;102:427–432. doi:10.1007/978-94-011-7432-9_61.
  21. Colic K, et al. Finite element modeling of hip implant static loading. Procedia Eng. 2016;149:257–262.
  22. ASTM. F2996-13 Standard Practice for Finite Element Analysis ( FEA ) of Non-Modular Metallic Orthopaedic Hip Femoral Stems. ASTM Int Conshohocken. 2013;22:1–11. doi:10.1520/F2996-13.
  23. International Electrotechnical Commision. International Standard. 61010-1 © Iec2001 2006:13.
  24. K N C, Zuber M, Bhat N S, Shenoy B S, R Kini C. Static structural analysis of different stem designs used in total hip arthroplasty using finite element method. Heliyon. 2019;5(6):e01767. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01767.
  25. Taqriban RB, Ismail R, Jamari J, Bayuseno AP. Computational Analysis of Different Designed Hip Joint Prostheses Using Finite Element Method. in 2020 7th International Conference on Information Technology, Computer, and Electrical Engineering (ICITACEE). 2020:164–168. doi:10.1109/ICITACEE50144.2020.9239245.
  26. Annanto GP, et al. Numerical Analysis of Stress Distribution on Artificial Hip Joint Due to Jump Activity. E3S Web Conf. 2018;73:1–5.

How to Cite

Taqriban, R. B., Ismail, R., Jamari, J., & Bayuseno, A. P. (2021). Finite element analysis of artificial hip joint implant made from stainless steel 316L. Bali Medical Journal, 10(1), 448–452.




Search Panel