REVIEW

Anti-diabetic properties of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni as sugar substitute: a mini-review

Yudi Kristanto , Angeline Rosa Hartono

Yudi Kristanto
Faculty of Medicine Universitas Hang Tuah, Surabaya, Indonesia. Email: yuddy22@yahoo.com

Angeline Rosa Hartono
Faculty of Medicine Universitas Hang Tuah, Surabaya, Indonesia
Online First: April 28, 2021 | Cite this Article
Kristanto, Y., Hartono, A. 2021. Anti-diabetic properties of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni as sugar substitute: a mini-review. Bali Medical Journal 10(1): 189-193. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v10i1.2259


The incidence of obesity, type II diabetes mellitus, and metabolic syndrome in children and adults show an alarming increase worldwide. This increase was supported by one factor: the increasing availability of high-calorie foods and beverages, thus increasing the need for sweeteners. Researchers are driven to find a sweetener that can replace sugar. One of the natural sweeteners that can be used is the Stevia plant. Stevia contains stevioside, which is a natural sweetener with 300 times sweetness compared to sucrose. Besides, stevioside can reduce blood sugar levels and show benefits for people with diabetes.

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