Background: Psoriasis vulgaris is a recurrent chronic skin disorder signed by hyperproliferation and epidermal inflammation. One of the etiology of psoriasis is genetic factors related to genetic polymorphism as disease susceptibility markers. This study was aimed to analyze the correlation of TNF-Î± gene promoter region polymorphism with psoriasis vulgaris.
Â Methods: An analytical observational study with cross-sectional design to identify correlation TNF-region promoter polymorphisms with psoriasis vulgaris. This study included 45 psoriasis vulgaris patients and 45 non-psoriasis vulgaris patients from April to October 2016 at Immuno-dermatology Polyclinic of Dermatology and Venereology/Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan. We isolated DNA from the blood sample then ran into the PCR process with specific primers. PCR results were examined by electrophoresis with 2% agarose. Chi-Square test was used to test the hypothesis of a relationship between the TNF-Î± promoter region and psoriasis vulgaris at a significance of P <0.05.
Result: Analysis by Chi-Square test found a significant correlation of polymorphism in TNF-Î± gene promoter region with psoriasis vulgaris in -308G (p=0,001) and 1031 (p=0,002) loci.
Conclusion: TNF-Î± gene promoter region polymorphism TNF-Î± gene -1031 was more frequent in the case group, -308G was commonly found in the control group. Both of them were significantly correlated with psoriasis vulgaris.