Description of depression in people with epilepsy in Aceh
- Nova Dian Lestari ,
- Nirwana Lazuardi Sary ,
- Arina Khairu Ummah ,
- Zulkarnain Zulkarnain ,
- Nur Astini ,
Background: Depression is the most common comorbid in people with epilepsy (PWE). Detection of depression in PWE is not a routine examination at a neurology clinic because it takes a long time. The education of Acehnese people regarding epilepsy is still limited, leading to discrimination and stigma in society. It is not easy to carry out examinations, and the diagnosis is often overlooked. The objective of this study was to screen and to describe the characteristics of depression in PWE in Aceh.
Method: This study was a descriptive observational study with the total respondents involved 41 PWEs. Detection of depression in PWE was conducted using the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (NDDI-E), a valid, reliable, shorter and more straightforward instrument test. The sample was determinate using the probability sampling method with a simple random sampling technique.
Results: Our results found that 39% of respondents experienced depression, with the most NDDI-E scores ranged between 11-15, with a percentage of 41.5%. Out of total, 57.1% of the depression occurred in women and those who aged between 18-25 years old were more frequent to experience depression. Depression was more frequent among those who had no formal education (66.7%).
Conclusion: Depression in PWE in Aceh tends to occur in women, those with no education and those who worked as labor or farmer.