Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

One Health concept and role of animal reservoir in avian influenza: a literature review

  • Ni Luh Putu Harta Wedari ,
  • I Dewa Made Sukrama ,
  • Ni Nyoman Sri Budayanti ,
  • Dwijo Anargha Sindhughosa ,
  • I Putu Yuda Prabawa ,
  • Ida Bagus Amertha Putra Manuaba ,


One Health concept is composed of a collaborative strategy approach in conducting program implementations, policies, legislative aspects, and research studies that involve active participation from various sectors to achieve global public health goals better. It represents a collaborative implementation between clinical, veterinary and government to overcome a specific illness. In Avian influenza, clinical networks should monitor risk factors and clinical signs of severe avian influenza to be controlled or eliminated effectively and quickly. Also, active laboratory surveillance should be conducted, rather than just passive one. Veterinary surveillance possesses high importance in controlling transmission and eliminating avian influenza disease. Well coordination, collaboration, cooperation concerning animal and human surveillance, and disease management involving various health professionals in every sector should be implemented and expanded simultaneously.


  1. Short KR, Richard M, Verhagen JH, van Riel D, Schrauwen EJ, van den Brand JM, et al. One Health, multiple challenges: The inter-species transmission of influenza A virus. One Health. 2015;1:1-13.
  2. Evans BR, Leighton FA. A history of One Health. Rev Sci Tech. 2014;33(2):413-420.
  3. Sleeman JM, DeLiberto T, Nguyen N. Optimization of human, animal, and environmental health by using the One Health approach. J Vet Sci. 2017;18(S1):263-268.
  4. Eussen BGM, Schaveling J, Dragt MJ, Blomme RJ. Stimulating collaboration between human and veterinary health care professionals. BMC Vet Res. 2017;13(1):174.
  5. World Health Organization. Review of latest available evidence on potential transmission of avian influenza (‎H5N1)‎ through water and sewage and ways to reduce the risks to human health. World Health Organization. 2006. [Available at:]
  6. Hassan MM, Hoque MA, Debnath NC, Yamage M, Klaassen M. Are Poultry or Wild Birds the Main Reservoirs for Avian Influenza in Bangladesh?. Ecohealth. 2017;14(3):490-500.
  7. Capua I, Alexander DJ. Avian influenza vaccines and vaccination in birds. Vaccine. 2008;26 Suppl 4:D70-D73.
  8. Kaye D, Pringle CR. Avian influenza viruses and their implication for human health. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;40(1):108-112.
  9. European Food Safety Authority. Animal health and welfare aspects of avian influenza and the risk of its introduction into EU poultry holdings. The EFSA Journal. 2008;715:1-162.
  10. Parry J. Vaccinating poultry against avian flu is contributing to spread. BMJ. 2005;331(7527):1223.
  11. Destoumieux-Garzón D, Mavingui P, Boetsch G, Boissier J, Darriet F, Duboz P, et al. The One Health Concept: 10 Years Old and a Long Road Ahead. Front Vet Sci. 2018;5:14.
  12. Dwyer DE, Kirkland PD. Influenza: One Health in action. N S W Public Health Bull. 2011;22(5-6):123-126.
  13. Xie T, Liu W, Anderson BD, Liu X, Gray GC. A system dynamics approach to understanding the One Health concept. PLoS One. 2017;12(9):e0184430.
  14. Mattar C, Ore AS, Fagerberg SK, Ramachandran R, Tuan W, Wiley E, et al. One Health and Antimicrobial resistance. World Medical Journal, 2016;62(3):108-111.
  15. Bidaisee S, Macpherson CN. Zoonoses and One Health: a review of the literature. J Parasitol Res. 2014;2014:874345.
  16. Baum SE, Machalaba C, Daszak P, Salerno RH, Karesh WB. Evaluating One Health: Are we demonstrating effectiveness?. One Health. 2016;3:5-10.
  17. Kahn LH. Perspective: The one-health way. Nature. 2017;543(7647):S47.
  18. Kakkar M, Abbas SS; Roadmap to Combat Zoonoses in India (RCZI) initiative. One Health: moving from concept to reality. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011;11(11):808.
  19. Peiris JS, Cowling BJ, Wu JT, Feng L, Guan Y, Yu H, et al. Interventions to reduce zoonotic and pandemic risks from avian influenza in Asia. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016;16(2):252-8.
  20. Beigel JH, Farrar J, Han AM, Hayden FG, Hyer R, de Jong MD, et al. Avian influenza A (H5N1) infection in humans. N Engl J Med. 2005;353(13):1374-85.
  21. Tarigan S, Wibowo MH, Indriani R, Sumarningsih S, Artanto S, Idris S, et al. Field effectiveness of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 vaccination in commercial layers in Indonesia. PLoS One. 2018;13(1):e0190947.
  22. Buchy P, Mardy S, Vong S, Toyoda T, Aubin JT, Miller M, et al. Influenza A/H5N1 virus infection in humans in Cambodia. J Clin Virol. 2007;39(3):164-8.
  23. Watanabe Y, Ibrahim MS, Ellakany HF, Abd El-Hamid HS, Ikuta K. Genetic diversification of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus during replication in wild ducks. J Gen Virol. 2011;92(Pt 9):2105-2110.
  24. Shimizu K, Li C, Muramoto Y, Yamada S, Arikawa J, Chen H, et al. The nucleoprotein and matrix protein segments of H5N1 influenza viruses are responsible for dominance in embryonated eggs. J Gen Virol. 2011;92(Pt 7):1645-1649.
  25. Lee K, Brumme ZL. Operationalizing the One Health approach: the global governance challenges. Health Policy Plan. 2013;28(7):778-785.
  26. Fasanmi OG, Odetokun IA, Balogun FA, Fasina FO. Public health concerns of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 endemicity in Africa. Vet World. 2017;10(10):1194-1204.
  27. Dudley JP. Public health and epidemiological considerations for avian influenza risk mapping and risk assessment. Ecology and Society, 2008;13(2):21.
  28. Reperant LA, MacKenzie J, Osterhaus ADME. Periodic global One Health threats update. One Health. 2015;2:1-7.
  29. Landford J, Nunn M. Good governance in 'One Health' approaches. Rev Sci Tech. 2012;31(2):561-575.
  30. Pawestri HA, Susilarini NK, Puspa KD, Ikawati HD, Adam K, Nugraha AA, et al. Genetic analysis of the complete genome of influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 during the first wave of the pandemic season in Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal. 2017;6(3):476-485.

How to Cite

Wedari, N. L. P. H., Sukrama, I. D. M., Budayanti, N. N. S., Sindhughosa, D. A., Prabawa, I. P. Y., & Manuaba, I. B. A. P. (2021). One Health concept and role of animal reservoir in avian influenza: a literature review. Bali Medical Journal, 10(2), 515–520.




Search Panel

Ni Luh Putu Harta Wedari
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal

I Dewa Made Sukrama
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal

Ni Nyoman Sri Budayanti
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal

Dwijo Anargha Sindhughosa
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal

I Putu Yuda Prabawa
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal

Ida Bagus Amertha Putra Manuaba
Google Scholar
BMJ Journal