REVIEW

Online continuing professional development (CPD) for clinical nurse in the developing countries: a literature review

Novita Kurnia Sari , Titi Savitri Prihatiningsih, Lely Lusmilasari, Andreasta Meliala

Novita Kurnia Sari
1. Department of Fundamental and Nursing Management, School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia ; 2. Student of Doctoral Program of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: novita.kurniasari@umy.ac.id

Titi Savitri Prihatiningsih
Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Lely Lusmilasari
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Andreasta Meliala
Department of Health Policy and Management, Public Health, and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Online First: December 28, 2021 | Cite this Article
Sari, N., Prihatiningsih, T., Lusmilasari, L., Meliala, A. 2021. Online continuing professional development (CPD) for clinical nurse in the developing countries: a literature review. Bali Medical Journal 10(3): 1088-1097. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v10i3.2838


Continuing education for nurses in the clinical setting is pivotal for their professionalism as well as the improvement of care delivery to the patient. While the traditional face-to-face method takes so many resources, online provision exists to bridge the gap. Therefore, this study aims to review the implementation of online CPD in developing countries where the characteristics of Indonesia are almost similar to these countries. Relevant publications were identified from Cochrane Trial, EBSCOhost, ProQuest, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and online manual resources from a search engine. Inclusion criteria included studies done in the low- and middle-income countries, full text, in English, peer-reviewed, and published in 2016-2020. A total of 17 articles were reviewed in this study resulting in several major themes including 1) barriers and facilitators of online CPD; 2) perception and expectation of nurses about online CPD; 3) model and development for online CPD. Study of needs and Indonesian nurse expectation and preparedness, a suitable framework to develop a more targeted and usable online CPD development plan in Indonesia can be done using pilot projects and other methods.

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