REVIEW

Health Education on Self-Efficacy in Breastfeeding Mothers: Literature Review

Machmudah Machmudah , Esti Yunitasari

Machmudah Machmudah
Faculty of Nursing and Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang ; Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga. Email: machmudah@unimus.ac.id

Esti Yunitasari
Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga
Online First: December 28, 2021 | Cite this Article
Machmudah, M., Yunitasari, E. 2021. Health Education on Self-Efficacy in Breastfeeding Mothers: Literature Review. Bali Medical Journal 10(3): 1066-1076. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v10i3.2865


Mother's milk is the first food for newborns and is the main nutrition for babies. Efficacy is important in breastfeeding, because it is used as a parameter of the mother's ability to breastfeed. Knowledge is one of the mother's self-efficacy factors for breastfeeding. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an effect of health education on lactation management on breastfeeding self-efficacy in mothers. Method: The research design used is a literature review, starting with topic selection, then searching through several databases, namely Google Scholar and Science Direct by entering key-words. Results and conclusions: From 163 articles, we selected 9 relevant articles to identify the effect of health education on breastfeeding self-efficacy in mothers. Breastfeeding education interventions increase breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant feeding attitudes, and rates of exclusive breastfeeding. Self-efficacy in breastfeeding mothers through a health education approach encourages mothers through self-management to follow a plan (eg, tests, treatment, procedures, behavior change) that is formulated in collaboration with health professionals such as during health education.

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