ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Characteristics of Pregnant Women with HIV Infection Following Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Program in Sanglah General Hospital 2005-2014

I Ketut Surya Negara , AAN. Anantasika, Artana Putra, AAP Wiradnyana, I Ketut Tunas

I Ketut Surya Negara
Departement of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Udayana University Sanglah Hospital Bali. Email: tutsuryanegara@gmail.com

AAN. Anantasika
Departement of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Udayana University Sanglah Hospital Bali

Artana Putra
Departement of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Udayana University Sanglah Hospital Bali

AAP Wiradnyana
Departement of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Udayana University Sanglah Hospital Bali

I Ketut Tunas
Department of Public Health, Dhyana Pura University Bali
Online First: September 14, 2016 | Cite this Article
Negara, I., Anantasika, A., Putra, A., Wiradnyana, A., Tunas, I. 2016. Characteristics of Pregnant Women with HIV Infection Following Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Program in Sanglah General Hospital 2005-2014. Bali Medical Journal 5(1): 147-151. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v5i1.291


Background: Increasing incidence of HIV infection in pregnancy will increase the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV. The objectives of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) is to prevent the mother to child HIV transmission and HIV infection epidemic. Our study aimed to provide data on characteristics of pregnant women with HIV infection following PMTCT Program services in Sanglah General Hospital. Methods: A descriptive study was held by reviewing medical records of pregnant women with HIV infection following PMTCT program in Nigraha Clinic Sanglah General Hospital during 2005-2014 period. Results: In 10 years’ period (2005-2014), out of 11,019 pregnant women 273 cases (2.48%) were pregnancy with HIV. Most cases were found in 20-29 years old group (68.86%), had finished high school education (57.50%), working as full-time housewives (67.39%), came from Denpasar (39.56%). The most risk factors were heterosexual husband (46.88%). Most cases were para 1 (42.85%), referred from Sanglah General Hospital VCT Clinic (40.65%), first visit PMTCT clinic on more than 28 weeks’ gestational age (48.71%), found at HIV stage I (70,32%). 43.22% had been taking Antiretroviral (ARV) for more than 6 months. The mode of delivery was cesarean section (CS) (60.16%), at 37-42 weeks of pregnancy (73.58%). Most infants were born with birth weight more than 2500 gram (72.65%) and with non-reactive test result (50%). Conclusions: Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Sanglah General Hospital is effective in preventing mother to child transmission of HIV.

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