Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

The correlation of knowledge of prevention with neuropathy treatment in diabetes mellitus patients in Sukoharjo regency


Introduction: Acute and chronic complications can occur in diabetes mellitus with high blood glucose levels and tend to fluctuate. The most common chronic complication is diabetic neuropathy. Treatment of diabetic neuropathy that is not carried out can lead to diabetic foot ulcers and even amputation. The prevention of diabetic neuropathy can be done by improving patients' knowledge to ease neuropathy treatment; as a result, the disability can be avoided. This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge about preventing and treating diabetic neuropathy in people with diabetes mellitus in Sukoharjo.

Methods: This type of research is descriptive with a correlation design using a cross-sectional approach. The population used in this study was all people with diabetes mellitus, who collected 17,403 patients. The sample used was 120 respondents who were selected by purposive sampling. The research instrument used a knowledge questionnaire. To analyze the data, used Spearman Rank correlation test.

Results: The sample in this study was 120 respondents obtained by the purposive sampling technique. The sample used as research respondents are people with diabetes mellitus who have met the research criteria. This study uses an instrument in the form of google form with data analysis using the Spearman rank test. The results showed the respondents' knowledge level was excellent, as many as 76.7% of 120 respondents and the treatment of diabetic neuropathy was good as many as 65% of 120 respondents. Spearman Rank test results showed an r count of 0.439 and a p-value of 0.001 (<0.05).

Conclusion: Based on the research that has been done, it can be concluded that knowledge about the prevention of neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus in Sukoharjo Regency is mostly very good, the management of neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus in Sukoharjo Regency is mostly good. There is a significant relationship between knowledge about the prevention and treatment of diabetic neuropathy in people with diabetes mellitus in the Sukoharjo Regency.


  1. American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes. Diabetes Casre. 2012;35(1):11–3.
  2. WHO. Classification of diebtes millitus. Clin Lab Med. 2019;21(1).
  3. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Buku Saku Kesehatan Triwulan 2 tahun. Dinas Kesehat Provinsi Jawa Teng. 2019;
  4. Deli G, Bosnyak E, Pusch G, Komoly S, Feher G. Diabetic Neuropathies: Diagnosis and Management. Neuroendocrinology. 2013;98(4):267–80. Available from:
  5. Saber HJ, Daoud AS. Knowledge and practice about the foot care and prevalence of neurophaty among a sample of type 2 diabetic patients in Erbil, Iraq. J Fam Med. 2018;7(5):67–974.
  6. PERKENI. Pedoman Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Dewasa. 2019.
  7. Callaghan BC, Gallagher G, Fridman V, Feldman EL. Diabetic neuropathy: what does the future hold? Diabetologia. 2020;63(5):891–7. Available from:
  8. Kemenkes RI. Langkah-Langkah Pencegahan Bagi Penyandang Diabetes Mellitus. Infodatin 2020 diabetes Mellit. 2020;
  9. Zajacova A, Lawrence EM. The Relationship Between Education and Health: Reducing Disparities Through a Contextual Approach. Annu Rev Public Health. 2018;39(1):273–89. Available from:
  10. Karaoui LR, Deeb ME, Nasser L, Hallit S. Knowledge and practice of patients with diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1). Available from:
  11. Kautzky-Willer A, Harreiter J, Pacini G. Sex and Gender Differences in Risk, Pathophysiology and Complications of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Endocr Rev. 2016;37(3):278–316. Available from:
  12. Amelia R, Wahyuni AS, Yunanda Y. Diabetic Neuropathy among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients at Amplas Primary Health Care in Medan City. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2019;7(20):3400–3. Available from:
  13. Gumilas NSA, Harini IM, Samodra P, Ernawati DA. Karakteristikpenderita diabetes melitus (DM) tipe 2 di purwokerto. In: Jurnal Kesehatan. 2018. p. 14–5.
  14. Afaya RA, Bam V, Azongo TB, Afaya A. Knowledge of chronic complications of diabetes among persons living with type 2 diabetes mellitus in northern Ghana. PLoS One. 2020;15(10):e0241424. Available from:
  15. Gillani A, Amirul Islam F, Hayat K, Atif N, Yang C, Chang J, et al. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Diabetes in the General Population: A Cross-Sectional Study from Pakistan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(9):1906. Available from:
  16. Alsous M, Abdel Jalil M, Odeh M, Al Kurdi R, Alnan M. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices toward diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study from Jordan. PLoS One. 2019;14(3):e0214479. Available from:
  18. Abbasi YF, See OG, Ping NY, Balasubramanian GP, Hoon YC, Paruchuri S. Diabetes knowledge, attitude, and practice among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Kuala Muda District, Malaysia – A cross-sectional study. Diabetes Metab Syndr Clin Res Rev. 2018;12(6):1057–63. Available from:
  19. Herath HMM, Weerasinghe NP, Dias H, Weerarathna TP. Knowledge, attitude and practice related to diabetes mellitus among the general public in Galle district in Southern Sri Lanka: a pilot study. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(1). Available from:
  20. Alaofè H, Hounkpatin WA, Djrolo F, Ehiri J, Rosales C. Knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors among patients with type 2 diabetes in Cotonou, Southern Benin. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1). Available from:
  21. Meléndez Méndez C, Garza Hernández R, González Salinas JF, Fang Huerta M de los Á, Rangel Torres M del S, Castañeda-Hidalgo H. Knowledge, adherence to the treatment and prevalence of neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Hosp Adm. 2018;7(6):1. Available from:
  22. Ralineba T, Netshikweta ML, Shilubane NH. Knowledge and Practices Associated with Diabetes among Patients with Chronic Diabetes Mellitus in Rural Areas of Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. J Hum Ecol. 2015;51(1–2):193–201. Available from:

How to Cite

Purwanti, O. S., & Novitasari, E. (2021). The correlation of knowledge of prevention with neuropathy treatment in diabetes mellitus patients in Sukoharjo regency. Bali Medical Journal, 10(3), 1342–1346.




Search Panel