Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

The relationship sarcopenia, obesity with Lung function in the elderly group in Tabanan City, Bali

  • Wira Gotera ,
  • I Made Pande Dwipayana ,
  • Ketut Suastika ,
  • Anak Agung Gede Budhiarta ,
  • Made Ratna Saraswati ,
  • I Made Siswadi Semadi ,
  • Ida Bagus Aditya Nugraha ,

Abstract

Background: The aging process is characterized by a gradual decline in physical aspect. Changes in body composition are an important sign of the aging process. Lung disease and respiratory disorders are one of the main health problems in the elderly. Various studies have examined the relationship between decreased muscle mass, obesity, and lung function. However, the results of these studies are still unclear. Aims of this study to determine the relationship between sarcopenia, obesity, and lung function in the elderly group in Tabanan City, Bali.

Methods: This study is an analytical study with cross-sectional design conducted at Tabanan City, Bali, in February 2017. The data was taken using the consecutive sampling technique method; 187 samples were collected from the primary data according to inclusion and exclusion criteria—the analysis using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis.

Results: Prevalence of Sarcopenia and obesity in the elderly in Tabanan Regency, Bali was 18.2% and 46%, respectively. Meanwhile, those who experienced sarcopenic obesity were 3.2%. Peak expiratory rates were significantly lower in the elderly group with sarcopenia than those without sarcopenia (p=0.026). Peak expiratory rate was significantly higher in the obese elderly group than in the non-obese group p=0.001).

Conclusion: Peak expiratory rates were significantly different in the elderly group with Sarcopenia and obese than those without Sarcopenia or obese.

References

  1. Cesari M, Landi F, Vellas B, Bernabei R, Marzetti E. Sarcopenia and Physical Frailty: Two Sides of the Same Coin. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience [Internet]. Frontiers Media SA; 2014 [cited 2021 October 8];6(JUL). DOI: 10.3389/FNAGI.2014.00192
  2. Hunter GR, Singh H, Carter SJ, Bryan DR, Fisher G. Sarcopenia and Its Implications for Metabolic Health. Journal of Obesity [Internet]. Hindawi Limited; 2019 [cited 2022 March 8];2019. DOI: 10.1155/2019/8031705
  3. Ishii S, Tanaka T, Shibasaki K, Ouchi Y, Kikutani T, Higashiguchi T, et al. Development of a simple screening test for sarcopenia in older adults. Geriatrics and Gerontology International [Internet]. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014 [cited 2022 March 8];14(SUPPL.1): 93–101. DOI: 10.1111/GGI.12197/SUPPINFO
  4. Cruz-Jentoft AJ, Baeyens JP, Bauer JM, Boirie Y, Cederholm T, Landi F, et al. Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Age and Ageing [Internet]. Oxford University Press; 2010 [cited 2021 October 8];39(4): 412. DOI: 10.1093/AGEING/AFQ034
  5. Nagano A, Wakabayashi H, Maeda K, Kokura Y, Miyazaki S, Mori T, et al. Respiratory Sarcopenia and Sarcopenic Respiratory Disability: Concepts, Diagnosis, and Treatment. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging [Internet]. Nature Publishing Group; 2021 [cited 2022 February 20];25(4): 507. DOI: 10.1007/S12603-021-1587-5
  6. Roh E, Choi KM. Health Consequences of Sarcopenic Obesity: A Narrative Review. Frontiers in Endocrinology [Internet]. Frontiers Media S.A.; 2020 [cited 2022 March 4];11: 332. DOI: 10.3389/FENDO.2020.00332/BIBTEX
  7. Mafort TT, Rufino R, Costa CH, Lopes AJ. Obesity: Systemic and pulmonary complications, biochemical abnormalities, and impairment of lung function. Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine [Internet]. BioMed Central Ltd.; 2016 [cited 2022 February 20];11(1): 1–11. DOI: 10.1186/S40248-016-0066-Z/FIGURES/1
  8. Salome CM, King GG, Berend N. Physiology of obesity and effects on lung function. Journal of Applied Physiology [Internet]. American Physiological Society Bethesda, MD; 2010 [cited 2022 February 20];108(1): 206–211. DOI: 10.1152/JAPPLPHYSIOL.00694.2009/ASSET/IMAGES/LARGE/ZDG0011088590001.JPEG
  9. Moon JH, Kong MH, Kim HJ. Implication of Sarcopenia and Sarcopenic Obesity on Lung Function in Healthy Elderly: Using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Journal of Korean Medical Science [Internet]. Korean Academy of Medical Sciences; 2015 [cited 2022 March 4];30(11): 1682. DOI: 10.3346/JKMS.2015.30.11.1682
  10. Chien M-Y, Huang T-Y, Wu Y-T. Prevalence of Sarcopenia Estimated Using a Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Prediction Equation in Community-Dwelling Elderly People in Taiwan. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society [Internet]. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008 [cited 2021 October 8];56(9): 1710–1715. DOI: 10.1111/J.1532-5415.2008.01854.X
  11. Sillanpää E, Stenroth L, Bijlsma AY, Rantanen T, McPhee JS, Maden-Wilkinson TM, et al. Associations between muscle strength, spirometric pulmonary function and mobility in healthy older adults. Age [Internet]. Springer; 2014 [cited 2021 October 8];36(4). DOI: 10.1007/S11357-014-9667-7
  12. Iannuzzi-Sucich M, Prestwood KM, Kenny AM. Prevalence of Sarcopenia and Predictors of Skeletal Muscle Mass in Healthy, Older Men and Women. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A [Internet]. Oxford Academic; 2002 [cited 2022 March 7];57(12): M772–M777. DOI: 10.1093/GERONA/57.12.M772
  13. Ida Ayu Laksmi Utami. UNIVERSITAS UDAYANA KEJADIAN OBESITAS PADA LANSIA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS I DENPASAR UTARA IDA AYU LAKSMI UTAMI - PDF Free Download. [Online] Available from: https://docplayer.info/73258760-Universitas-udayana-kejadian-obesitas-pada-lansia-di-wilayah-kerja-puskesmas-i-denpasar-utara-ida-ayu-laksmi-utami.html
  14. Kim Y-S, Lee Y, Chung Y-S, Lee D-J, Joo N-S, Hong D, et al. Prevalence of Sarcopenia and Sarcopenic Obesity in the Korean Population Based on the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A [Internet]. Oxford Academic; 2012 [cited 2021 October 8];67(10): 1107–1113. DOI: 10.1093/GERONA/GLS071
  15. Ketut Suastika, AA Budihiarta, I N Dwi Sutanegara, I GPS Aryana, IMR Saraswati, Wira Gotera. Track 1A: Epidemiology - body fat and its regional distribution. International Journal of Obesity 2004 28:1 [Internet]. Nature Publishing Group; 2004 [cited 2021 October 8];28(1): S50–S56. DOI: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802676
  16. Ridwan ES, Wiratama BS, Lin MY, Hou WH, Liu MF, Chen CM, et al. Peak expiratory flow rate and sarcopenia risk in older Indonesian people: A nationwide survey. PLOS ONE [Internet]. Public Library of Science; 2021 [cited 2022 February 20];16(2): e0246179. DOI: 10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0246179
  17. Kim TN, Yang SJ, Yoo HJ, Lim KI, Kang HJ, Song W, et al. Prevalence of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity in Korean adults: the Korean sarcopenic obesity study. International Journal of Obesity 2009 33:8 [Internet]. Nature Publishing Group; 2009 [cited 2021 October 8];33(8): 885–892. DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2009.130
  18. Dixon AE, Peters U. The effect of obesity on lung function. Expert review of respiratory medicine [Internet]. NIH Public Access; 2018 [cited 2022 February 20];12(9): 755. DOI: 10.1080/17476348.2018.1506331

How to Cite

Gotera, W., Dwipayana, I. M. P., Suastika, K., Budhiarta, A. A. G., Saraswati, M. R., Semadi, I. M. S., & Nugraha, I. B. A. (2022). The relationship sarcopenia, obesity with Lung function in the elderly group in Tabanan City, Bali. Bali Medical Journal, 11(2), 628–632. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v11i2.3024

HTML
0

Total
0

Share

Search Panel

Wira Gotera
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


I Made Pande Dwipayana
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Ketut Suastika
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Anak Agung Gede Budhiarta
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Made Ratna Saraswati
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


I Made Siswadi Semadi
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Ida Bagus Aditya Nugraha
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal