Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Association between spiritual well-being and anxiety among high-risk pregnant women

Abstract

Background: Pregnancy anxiety occurs due to the transition period of a woman's life due to the physical and emotional changes of pregnancy. About 20% of all pregnancies have a risk of pregnancy that causes a source of stress and anxiety for pregnant women at high risk. Spiritual well-being is a factor that contributes to the quality of life in mothers with high-risk pregnancies.The aims: This study aims to determine the association between spiritual well-being and anxiety among high-risk pregnant women.

Methods: The type of this research is quantitative non-experimental with a cross-sectional approach involving 96 pregnant women was selected using a purposive sampling technique. The instrument used was a spiritual well-being questionnaire in the form of a modified Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) and a modified Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) questionnaire for high-risk pregnant women.

Results: The results showed that spiritual well-being in the high category was 73 people (76 %), mild 22 people (22,9), and low 1 people (1%). The anxiety in the category of severe anxiety was 8 people (8,3%), moderate anxiety was 24 people (25%), mild anxiety was 31 people (32%), and no anxiety was 33 people (34,4%). The Spearman's rho analysis results obtained a p-value of 0,000 (p <0, 05) with a correlation coefficient of r of -0.448.

Conclusion: There was a significant association between spiritual well-being and anxiety among high-risk pregnant women. The higher the spiritual well-being, the lower the anxiety of high-risk pregnant women.

References

  1. Cheng CY, Chou YH, Chang CH, Liou SR. Trends of perinatal stress, anxiety, and depression and their prediction on postpartum depression. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18:1–12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179307.
  2. Smith T, Gemmill AW, Milgrom J. Perinatal anxiety and depression: Awareness and attitudes in Australia. Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019;65:378–87. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764019852656.
  3. Fairbrother N, Young AH, Janssen P, Antony MM, Tucker E. Depression and anxiety during the perinatal period. BMC Psychiatry 2015;15:1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-015-0526-6.
  4. Pillitteri & Flagg. Maternal & Child Health Nursing-Care of the Childbearing and Childrearing Family. vol. 96. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1097/00000446-199603000-00035.
  5. Loomans EM, Van Dijk AE, Vrijkotte TGM, Van Eijsden M, Stronks K, Gemke RJBJ, et al. Psychosocial stress during pregnancy is related to adverse birth outcomes: Results from a large multi-ethnic community-based birth cohort. Eur J Public Health 2013;23:485–91. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cks097.
  6. Giannandrea SAM, Cerulli C, Anson E, Chaudron LH. Increased risk for postpartum psychiatric disorders among women with past pregnancy loss. J Women’s Heal 2013;22:760–8. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2012.4011.
  7. Rodrigues PB, Zambaldi CF, Cantilino A, Sougey EB. Special features of high-risk pregnancies as factors in development of mental distress: a review Particularidades da gravidez de alto risco como fatores para o desenvolvimento de sofrimento mental. Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2016;38:136–40.
  8. Handayani FP, Fourianalistyawati E. Depresi dan Kesejahteraan Spiritual pada Ibu Hamil Risiko Tinggi Depression and Spiritual Well-Being Among High-Risk Pregnant Women Fitrias Putri Handayani, Endang Fourianalistyawati Fakultas Psikologi Universitas YARSI, Jakarta. Psikologis Teor Dan Terap 2018;8:145–53.
  9. Fisher J. Development and application of a spiritual well-being questionnaire called SHALOM. Religions 2010;1:105–21. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel1010105.
  10. Chehrazi M, Faramarzi M, Abdollahi S, Esfandiari M, Shafie rizi S. Health promotion behaviours of pregnant women and spiritual well-being: Mediatory role of pregnancy stress, anxiety and coping ways. Nurs Open 2021;8:3558–65. https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.905.
  11. Pakzad M, Dolatian M, Jahangiri Y, Nasiri M, Dargah FA. The correlation between islamic lifestyle and pregnancy-specific stress: A cross-sectional, correlational study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018;6:1163–7. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.104.
  12. Bakibinga P, Vinje HF orbec., Mittelmark M. The role of religion in the work lives and coping strategies of Ugandan nurses. J Relig Health 2014;53:1342–52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-013-9728-8.
  13. Shattuck EC, Muehlenbein MP. Religiosity/Spirituality and Physiological Markers of Health. J Relig Health 2020;59:1035–54. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0663-6.
  14. Aldrighi JD, Wall ML, Souza SRRK, Cancela FZV. The experiences of pregnant women at an advanced maternal age: An integrative review. Rev Da Esc Enferm 2016;50:509–18. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000400019.
  15. Wulandari S, Wantini NA. Ketidaknyamanan Fisik Dan Psikologis Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester Iii Di Wilayah Puskesmas Berbah Sleman Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. J Kebidanan Indones 2021;12:54–67. https://doi.org/10.36419/jki.v12i1.438.
  16. Plescia F, Cirrincione L, Martorana D, Ledda C, Rapisarda V, Castelli V, et al. Alcohol Abuse and Insomnia Disorder : Focus on a Group of Night and Day Workers 2021.
  17. Sukmadewi M. Gambaran Tingkat Kecemasan Pada Ibu Hamil Dalam Menghadapi Persalinan Di Desa Tualang Teungoh Kecamatan Langsa Kota Kabupaten Kota Langsa Tahun 2014. J Kedokt Syiah Kuala 2016;16:6–13.
  18. Oktafia R, Gayatri D, Studi P, Keperawatan I, Barat JR, Keperawatan M, et al. Paket Pendidikan Kesehatan Untuk Meningkatkan 2018.
  19. Futter DB. Spiritual Pregnancy in Plato’s Theaetetus. Apeiron 2020;51:483–514. https://doi.org/10.1515/apeiron-2017-0051.
  20. Moradi N, Maleki A, Zenoozian S. The Effect of Integrating Midwifery Counseling With a Spiritual Approach on Pregnant Women’s Spiritual Experience: A randomized Controlled Trial. Prev Care Nurs Midwifery J 2020;10:55–63. https://doi.org/10.52547/pcnm.10.2.55.
  21. Bonelli RM, Koenig HG. Mental Disorders, Religion and Spirituality 1990 to 2010: A Systematic Evidence-Based Review. J Relig Health 2013;52:657–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-013-9691-4.
  22. Krägeloh CU, Chai PPM, Shepherd D, Billington R. How Religious Coping is Used Relative to Other Coping Strategies Depends on the Individual’s Level of Religiosity and Spirituality. J Relig Health 2012;51:1137–51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-010-9416-x.
  23. Padilla JJ, Lara-Cinisomo S, Navarrete L, Lara MA. Perinatal anxiety symptoms: Rates and risk factors in mexican women. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18:1–12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010082.
  24. Ohaja M, Murphy-Lawless J, Dunlea M. Religion and spirituality in pregnancy and birth: The views of birth practitioners in Southeast Nigeria. Religions 2019;10. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10020082.
  25. Bonelli R, Dew RE, Koenig HG, Rosmarin DH, Vasegh S. Religious and spiritual factors in depression: Review and integration of the research. Depress Res Treat 2012;2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/962860.
  26. Ghodrati F, Mokhtaryan T, Akbarzadeh M. Effect of Pregnancy-related Religious Training on Religious Attitudes among Pregnant Women. J Midwifery Reprod Heal 2018;0:1–10. https://doi.org/10.22038/jmrh.2018.10525.

How to Cite

Oktafia, R., Indriastuti, N. A., & Kusuma, A. N. (2021). Association between spiritual well-being and anxiety among high-risk pregnant women. Bali Medical Journal, 10(3), 1375–1378. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i3.3055

HTML
26

Total
147

Share

Search Panel

Riski Oktafia
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Nur Azizah Indriastuti
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Anistia Nanda Kusuma
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal