Introduction: Catheter-related urinary tract infections for one-third of all health-care related infections in the United States, and have also been shown to increase morbidity, mortality, and length of stay. Various problems are associated with urinary catheter insertion, namely trauma, complications, and patient discomfort. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between catheter placement and the incidence of urinary tract infections in hospitalized patients in Condong Catur Hospital Yogyakarta.
Methods: The design of this study was an analytic observational study using a cross sectional design. The sample was patients diagnosed with UTI for 12 months from August 2019 to July 2020 and inclusion and exclusion criteria. The sample selection was done by consecutive sampling. There were 98 samples of inpatients at the Condong Catur Hospital. The data were taken from the medical records of patients who had UTIs or those with a catheter installed.
Results: There are 98 patients in the Condong Catur Hospital, 18 of them have had UTIs, ten of which were caused by catheter insertion. In this study, bivariate analysis was used to compare the two groups with partners and found a significant association between catheter use and urethral infection, with a p-value of 0.001.
Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between catheter placement and the incidence of urinary tract infections in hospitalized patients in Condong Catur Hospital.