Objective: Infections of throat have a tremendous impact on public health. This present study aims toÂ find out the bacterial load in throat infections as well as their susceptibility pattern in patientsÂ attending Central Referral Hospital, Tadong, Sikkim.
Method: A total of 55 symptomatic patientsÂ having throat infections attended Central Referral Hospital Sikkim, among which 28 were males andÂ 27 were females. A total of 55 throat swabs were collected from the patients with symptoms of
Results: Out of 55 samples, culture was positive in 37 samples. Twenty one strains ofÂ Staphylococcus aureus, 13 strains of Streptococcus pyogenes, 1 strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosaÂ and 2 strains of Proteus spp. were isolated. The isolation rate of Staph.aureus was found to beÂ statistically significant when compared between the isolation rate of Ps.aeruginosa, Stp. pyogenes andÂ Proteus spp. 3 isolates of Staph. aureus were sensitive to penicillin, 1 isolate was moderately sensitiveÂ and 17 isolates were resistant. 12 strains of Staph.aureus were sensitive to methicillin. Methicillin
resistant was seen in 9 strains of Staph. aureus. The strains of Stp. pyogenes isolated were eitherÂ moderately sensitive or resistant to the used antibiotics, it was not sensitive to any of the usedÂ antibiotics. It was moderately sensitive to amoxiclave, clarithromycin, erythromycin and resistant to
clindamycin and cefuroxime. 100% strains of Ps. aeruginosa were resistant to ciprofloxacin,Â gentamicin, piperacillin, ticarcillin, tobramycin and the strains were sensitive only to imipenemÂ (100%). Further 100% strains of Proteus spp.were sensitive to cefuroxime, azithromycin, amoxicillin
Conclusion: Our study showed a high rate of monomicrobial infection. The control
of throat infections demands the availability of primary care and appropriate treatment.