Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

TB community empowerment model instruments in finding tuberculosis (TB) suspects

  • Ro’isah Ro’isah ,
  • Anies ,
  • Matius Sakundano ,
  • Nur Jazuli ,


Introduction: Tuberculosis is still a public health problem. Indonesia is the third rank of highest TB in the world. Community empowerment is one of the strategies for finding TB suspects. Community empowerment in Probolinggo Regency is carried out by forming the local TB Association. Evaluation of the role of this TB community has never been done. There is no available measure of community empowerment in this TB community. A measuring tool for community empowerment models is needed for the TB community to increase empowerment. This study aimed to develop a measuring tool for community empowerment through the TB community in finding TB suspects.

Methods: This type of research is quantitative with a cross-sectional design. The population and sample are all local TB communities in Probolinggo Regency are about 325 people. Determination of the sample using simple random sampling according to the inclusion criteria of 128 respondents. Instruments using questionnaires and data analysis with exploratory factor analysis.

Results: The results showed that the measuring instrument for community empowerment was personal factors, knowledge, communication, motivation, self-efficacy, motivational incentives, group factors, and community empowerment factors in finding TB suspects, participation, leadership, and organizational structure having a Bartlett test of sphericity value P < 0.001, Reliability of Life Satisfaction Questionnaire with Cronbach Alpha > 0.800.

Conclusion: This instrument is valid and reliable to be applied to measure local TB community empowerment in finding TB suspects.


  1. WHO. Global Health Organization. World Health Organization; 2018.
  2. Kusumawati RL, Tania T, McNeil E, Chongsuvivatwong V. Predictors of multidrug resistance among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in a tertiary hospital in North Sumatera, Indonesia. Bali Med J. 2018;7(1):68.
  3. KEMENKES RI. Peanggulangan Tuberculosis. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2016.
  4. Kasmel A, Andersen PT. Measurement of community empowerment in three community programs in Rapla (Estonia). Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011;8(3):799–817.
  5. Mendoza-Ramos A, Prideaux B. Assessing ecotourism in an Indigenous community: using, testing and proving the wheel of empowerment framework as a measurement tool. J Sustain Tour. 2018;26(2):277–91.
  6. Glanz K, Rimer B k., Viswanath K. Health and Health. 4th ed. USA: Jossey-Bass; 2002.
  7. Harahap J, Amelia R, Wahyuni AS, Andayani LS. Community empowerment program for increasing knowledge and awareness of tuberculosis patients, cadres and community in Medan city. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 2018;125(1).
  8. Opara I, Lardier DT, Garcia-Reid P, Reid RJ. Testing the factor structure of the brief sense of community scale among black girls and the relationship with ethnic identity, empowerment and social support. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2021;127(May).
  9. Mehchy Z. Conceptualising Community Empowerment. 2007.
  10. Arneson H, Ekberg K. Measuring empowerment in working life: A review. Work. 2006;26(1):37–46.
  11. Musesengwa R, Chimbari MJ. thematic synthesis of studies done in Botswana , Zimbabwe and South. Acta Trop. 2016;1–11.
  12. Mabbott I. Public Health - Power, Empowerment and Professional PracticePublic Health - Power, Empowerment and Professional Practice. Nurs Stand. 2006;20(32):36–36.
  13. Jeffree MS, Ahmedy F, Ibrahim MY, Lukman KA, Ahmed K, Giloi N, et al. A training module to empower marginalised northern borneo islanders for tuberculosis control. J Public health Res. 2020;9(3):398–403.
  14. Tanabe S, Yanagisawa S, Waqa Ledua S, Tukana M. Community Orientation Scale among Community Health Nurses in Fiji: Scale development and psychometric evaluation. Nurs Open. 2020;7(5):1367–78.
  15. Figueroa R, Gago CM, Beckerman-Hsu J, Aftosmes-Tobio A, Yu X, Davison KK, et al. Development and validation of a parental health-related empowerment scale with low income parents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(22):1–10.
  16. Anu, Kasmel. Evaluation as a tool for community empowerment. University of Southern Denmark; 2011.
  17. Jauhar M, Rohana IGAPD, Rachmawati U, Kusumawardani LH, Rasdiyanah R. Empowering community health volunteer on community-based tuberculosis case management programs in lower-income countries: A systematic review. J Community Empower Heal. 2019;2(2):172–80.
  18. Cyril S, Smith BJ, Renzaho AMN. Systematic review of empowerment measures in health promotion. Health Promot Int. 2016;31(4):809–26.

How to Cite

Ro’isah, R., Anies, Sakundano, M., & Jazuli, N. (2022). TB community empowerment model instruments in finding tuberculosis (TB) suspects. Bali Medical Journal, 11(2), 551–554.