ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Balanced Physical Exercise Increase Physical Fitness, Optimize Endorphin Levels, and Decrease Malondialdehyde Levels

Erwin Adams Pangkahila , Nyoman Adiputra, Wimpie Pangkahila, I Wayan Putu Sutirta Yasa

Erwin Adams Pangkahila
Doctoral Program of Medical Sciences, Udayana University, Denpasar. Email: erwinpangkahila@yahoo.com

Nyoman Adiputra
Doctoral Program of Medical Sciences, Udayana University, Denpasar

Wimpie Pangkahila
Doctoral Program of Medical Sciences, Udayana University, Denpasar

I Wayan Putu Sutirta Yasa
Doctoral Program of Medical Sciences, Udayana University, Denpasar
Online First: October 21, 2016 | Cite this Article
Pangkahila, E., Adiputra, N., Pangkahila, W., Yasa, I. 2016. Balanced Physical Exercise Increase Physical Fitness, Optimize Endorphin Levels, and Decrease Malondialdehyde Levels. Bali Medical Journal 5(3): 493-496. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v5i3.337


Background: Physical fitness determines the level of human health. A good physical fitness can be achieved if conducted with a balance and active physical fitness. The aims of this study was to elucidate the effect of balanced physical exercise on physical fitness, endorphin levels, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. Methods: This study was a true experimental with pretest-posttest control group design using 24 students of IKIP PGRI Denpasar. Selected samples divided into two groups: the control group given conventional physical training (P0) and the treatment group given balanced physical training (P1). Physical fitness tests was performed using Cooper method and blood sampling was done to evaluate the level of endorphins and MDA before (pre test) and after (post test) treatment of 8 weeks. The data of endorphin and MDA levels were analyzed using independent T test. Whereas, the physical fitness was analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Physical fitness of the group given a balanced physical training was significantly higher compare to the group given a conventional physical training (p < 0.05). Balanced physical training was proven to enhance physical fitness as measured by the Cooper method better than conventional physical training. In contrast, the levels of endorphins of the balanced physical training group did not different with the conventional physical training group (p > 0.05). Levels of MDA of balanced physical training group also did not different with the conventional physical training group (p > 0.05). Conclusions: balanced physical training can maintain physical fitness of people and improve the health and quality of life.

 

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