Introduction: Inflammation is the body's response to body tissue injury characterized by swelling or edema. Moringa oleifera is known to have many benefits as herbal medicine. Moringa oleifera leaves have been shown to have anti-inflammatory activity. The polyphenol content in Moringa leaves, such as flavonoids and tannins, has been observed as a potential anti-inflammatory.
Methods: Thirty white male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups. Group 0 (negative control group) was given base cream, group 1 (positive control) was given 2.5% hydrocortisone cream, group 2 was given 10% moringa leaves extract cream, group 3 was given 12% moringa leaves extract cream, and group 4 was given 14% moringa leaves extract cream. One hour after treatment was applied in the plantar area, all mice were induced with 0.1 ml of 1% carrageenan. The thickness of the rat paw edema was measured every 1 hour for 6 hours using a caliper.
Results: This study showed a significant difference in rat paw edema between the base cream and the entire treatment groups (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2.5% hydrocortisone cream group and the 10%, 12%, and 14% moringa leaves extract cream group (p>0.05). The 14% cream extract had the largest paw edema inhibition among other moringa leaves extract creams which were 27.4%.Conclusion: This study concludes that 10%, 12%, and 14% of moringa leaves extract cream have anti-inflammatory effects with higher concentrations resulting in better efficacy.