Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease that potentially attacks all parts of the human body. Despite the use of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), the rate of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains high. Critical complications such as infection, dislocation, and readmission following TKA are also reportedly high and therefore, appropriate management during perioperative period is critical. We reported the perioperative management of a patient with late RA and genu contracture underwent tenotomy.
Case Presentation: A 22-year-old male was referred to Dr. Soetomo General Hospital with a chief complaint of pain in the right and left groin. He also complained of immobilization and stiffness in both knees. He had been diagnosed with bone tuberculosis in 2014 and underwent a total knee replacement of both knees in 2015 due to stiffness and inability to walk. Radiography examination indicated erosion and loss of joint spaces in the joints of the hip, fingers, and toes. Laboratory investigation showed positive anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV), confirming RA. The patient underwent tenotomy surgery and was treated with methylprednisolone 4 mg peroral daily, chloroquine 250 mg peroral daily, and natrium diclofenac peroral to reduce pain. Tenotomy was performed. Considering the disease activity, conventional DMARDs (chloroquine 250 mg peroral and low dose steroid, methylprednisolone 1x4mg peroral) were prescribed.
Conclusion: The case highlights the complexity of perioperative management of late RA and genu contracture underwent tenotomy that required multiple disciplines. Therefore, interdisciplinary collaborative team is critical to be able to achieve optimal results of the patient.