Introduction: An appendectomy is the surgical removal of the inflamed vermiform appendix organ system. Patients who have had an appendectomy will be treated in hospital inpatient rooms for varying lengths of time, which is affected by several factors. This study aims to analyze the factors associated with the length of hospital stay post an appendectomy in Arun Lhokseumawe hospital, Aceh between 2019 and 2020. The factors analyzed are age, gender, type of appendicitis, duration of surgery, and comorbidity.
Method: A retrospective study with an analytical descriptive cross-sectional study design. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling with a total of 251 samples. All data analysis used SPSS 26.
Results: The characteristics of patients were as follow: age 17 – 25 years old (25.15), female (58.2%), acute appendicitis (57.8%), and no comorbidity (66.1%). The statistical analysis by Chi-square α =0.05 provides the factors associated with the length of hospital stay after an appendectomy, such as gender (p = 0.000), type of appendicitis (p = 0.000), and comorbidity (p = 0.000). Whereas age (p = 0.059) and the duration of surgery (p = 0.052) were not related to the length of hospital stay after an appendectomy.
Conclusion: There were significant relationships between the following factors, such as age, type of appendicitis, comorbidity, and the length of hospital stay after an appendectomy procedure in Arun Lhokseumawe hospital, Aceh.