Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Hepatitis B vaccine knowledge, perception, and motivation among children and adults in the rural region at Semarang, Indonesia

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B is a global health problem with high prevalence, morbidity, and mortality. Knowledge, perception, and motivation for hepatitis B vaccination play significant roles in infection numbers. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between sociodemographic factors, knowledge, perception, and motivation for hepatitis B vaccination in the rural region of Semarang, Indonesia.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was held in September-October 2019 in the rural region of Semarang, Indonesia. In total, 508 subjects aged 10-40 years participated. The data collected from the questionnaire contains demographic data, knowledge, perception, and motivation for the hepatitis B vaccine. Data analysis using bivariate Chi-Square test.

Results: A total of 508 people met the criteria, 437 respondents (86%) can describe the hepatitis B disease, and 502 respondents (98.8%) agreed with the hepatitis B vaccine. Age significantly affects knowledge and perception of the hepatitis B vaccine (p=0.004; p=0.030). Sex and education significantly relate to knowledge of hepatitis B disease (p=0.022; p=0.025). The most motivation is getting free of charge hepatitis B vaccination (n=223, 43.9%) and participation in scientific development (n=184, 36.2%). One hundred eighty-two people (35.8%), males and 326 females (64.2%) were motivated to get hepatitis vaccination. Age and sex significantly related to the respondent's motivation for the hepatitis B vaccine (p= <0.001; p=0.028).

Conclusion: Knowledge and motivation for hepatitis B vaccination are influenced by age and sex. Older age and females significantly correlate with the reason to have hepatitis B vaccination.

References

  1. Adam A, Fusheini A. Knowledge, risk of infection, and vaccination status of hepatitis B virus among rural high school students in Nanumba North and South Districts of Ghana. PLoS One. 2020;15(4):1–15.
  2. Robinson SL, Marín C, Oliveros H, Mora-Plazas M, Richards BJ, Lozoff B, et al. Iron deficiency, anemia, and low vitamin B-12 serostatus in middle childhood are associated with behavior problems in adolescent boys: Results from the Bogotá School Children Cohort. J Nutr. 2018;148(5):760–770.
  3. Schweitzer A, Horn J, Mikolajczyk RT, Krause G, Ott JJ. Estimations of worldwide prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus infection : a systematic review of data published between 1965 and 2013. Lancet. 2015;6736(15):1–10.
  4. Olivier H, Tatsilong P, Noubiap JJN, Nansseu JRN, Aminde LN, Bigna JJR, et al. Hepatitis B infection awareness , vaccine perceptions and uptake , and serological profile of a group of health care workers in Yaounde, Kamerun. BMC Public Health. 2016;15:706.
  5. Peng, C., Lu, M, Yang D. CRISPR/Cas9-based tools for targeted genome editing and replication control of HBV. Virol Sin. 2015;30(5):317–325.
  6. Wungu CDK, Khaerunnisa S, Humairah I, Lukitasari L, Qurnianingsih E, Prabowo GI, et al. Counselling and Screening of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Dukuh Kupang Community, Dukuh Pakis District, Surabaya. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 2019;217(1):1-6.
  7. Nivaan GN, Emanuel AWR. Analytic Predictive of Hepatitis using The Regression Logic Algorithm. 2020 3rd Int Semin Res Inf Technol Intell Syst. 2020;8(1):106–110.
  8. Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, Lim S, Shibuya K A V. Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012;380(9859):2095–128.
  9. Ministry of Health. Laporan Nasional Basic Health Research 2018 [Internet]. 2018. Available from: http://labdata.litbang.kemkes.go.id/images/download/laporan/RKD/2018/Laporan_Nasional_RKD2018_FINAL.pdf
  10. Nelson NP, Easterbrook PJ, McMahon BJ. Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Impact of Vaccination on Disease. Clin Liver Dis. 2016;20(4):607–628.
  11. Soedjatmiko S, Sitaresmi MN, Hadinegoro SRS, Kartasasmita CB, Moedjito I, Rusmil K, et al. Jadwal Imunisasi Anak Umur 0 – 18 tahun Rekomendasi Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia Tahun 2020. Sari Pediatr. 2020;22(4):252.
  12. Ministry of Health Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan No. 53 Tahun 2015 Tentang Penanggulangan Hepatitis Virus Secara Komprehensif. Kementeri Kesehat Republik Indones. 2015;1–38.
  13. Organization WH. Immunization coverage for Hepatitis B vaccination; 2006 [Internet]. World Health Organization. 2022. Available from: http://immunizationdata.who.int/compare.html?
  14. Adekanle O, Ndububa DA, Olowookere SA, Ijarotimi O, Ijadunola KT. Knowledge of Hepatitis B Virus Infection, Immunization with Hepatitis B Vaccine, Risk Perception, and Challenges to Control Hepatitis among Hospital Workers in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital. Hepat Res Treat. 2015;201:439867.
  15. Notoatmodjo S. Prinsip- Prinsip Dasar. In: Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2nd ed. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta; 2003.
  16. Ngurah IG, Jayanta B, Somia IKA. Tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap tentang hepatitis B pada dokter gigi di Denpasar Utara. 2020;11(1):51–4.
  17. Hutapea EAP, Umboh A, Wilar R. Gambaran Pengetahuan Petugas Kesehatan Terhadap Hepatitis B di RSUP PROF R.D. Kandou Manado. E-Clinic. 2014;2(3):1–4.
  18. Novianti Utami R, Letchmi Pandarugan S, Nambiar N. Analysis of Risk Factors for Stunting in Toddlers in Cicantayan Sukabumi Regency. KnE Life Sci. 2022;2022:194–206.
  19. Simanungkalit B, Marlinae L, Syahadatina M, Adhani R. Meta Analysis : The Association Of Knowledge And Education With Preventing Behavior Of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). 2022;12(6):263–272.
  20. Gaál Z, Szabó L, Obermayer-Kovács N, Csepregi A. Exploring the Role Of Social Media in Knowledge Sharing. The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management; 2015;13(3):185-197.
  21. Haviari S, Bénet T, Saadatian-Elahi M, André P, Loulergue P, Vanhems P. Vaccination of healthcare workers: A review. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2015;11(11):2522-2537.
  22. Andriani R, Hutasoit M. Pengetahuan Dan Motivasi Orangtua Dalam Memberikan Vaksin Pencegah Pneumonia (Hib, Pcv Dan Campak) Pada Balita Di Yogyakarta. Media Ilmu Kesehat. 2020;8(3):225–229.
  23. Wang PW, Ahorsu DK, Lin CY, Chen IH, Yen CF, Kuo YJ, et al. Motivation to have covid-19 vaccination explained using an extended protection motivation theory among university students in china: The role of information sources. Vaccines. 2021;9(4):1–15.
  24. Tarimo EAM, Bakari M, Kakoko DCV, Kohi TW, Mhalu F, Sandstrom E, et al. Motivations to participate in a Phase I/II HIV vaccine trial: A descriptive study from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BMC Public Health. 2016;16(1):15–18.
  25. Tanaka T, Nihonsugi T, Ohtake F, Haruno M. Age- and gender-dependent differences in attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination and underlying psychological processes. MedRxiv. 2021;6:1-32.
  26. Hadning I, Putri FRA, Ardhana SS. Indonesian community knowledge, attitude and behavior towards COVID-19 vaccination. Bali Medical Journal. 2022;11(3):1649-1655.

How to Cite

Anantyo, D. T., Nency, Y. M., Ardi, S. S. N., Harahap, N. K., & Pratama, I. (2023). Hepatitis B vaccine knowledge, perception, and motivation among children and adults in the rural region at Semarang, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal, 12(1), 445–450. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i1.3681

HTML
15

Total
7

Share

Search Panel

Dimas Tri Anantyo
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Yetty Movieta Nency
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Sri Suci Ningtyas Ardi
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Najma Khairani Harahap
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Ivan Pratama
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal