Introduction: Several studies showed 324 severe cases of COVID-19 and 1234 mild cases with the highest comorbidities of Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, Chronic Obstruvtives Pulmonary Disease (COPD), and Cardiovascular disease. These comorbid factors lead to a poor prognosis in COVID-19. Chest radiography is an important modality as one of the parameters that can indicate the severity of COVID-19. This study aims to determine the relationship between Covid-19, comorbid Hypertension, and Diabetes Mellitus with chest radiography.
Method: This research is analitic observational with cross-sectional, relationship between Covid-19 patients with comorbid Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus with chest radiography (type, location, and extent of lesions) that Modified Chest X-Ray Scoring System in Evaluating Severity of COVID-19 Patient in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia in 2021, COVID-19 radiology category. The data from PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Hospital, Yogyakarta retrospectively from the medical records of Covid-19 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Chi-Square analyzed the results variables with unpaired categorization.
Result: Most of the respondents who had comorbid diseases had moderate chest radiological features (65.4%) and those who did not have comorbid diseases had mild chest radiological features (71.9%), the results of chi-square data analysis between variables were p: 0.000.
Conclusion: The results of data analysis showed that comorbid diseases had a significant relationship with chest radiography in patients with confirmed COVID-19. The novelty of this study is the importance of radiological modalities as one of the parameters that can indicate the severity of Covid-19 patients with comorbidities.