Background: Acute Erythroleukemia (AML-M6) is a rare case with approximately 3-4% of all Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) cases. AML-M6 is less common in the pediatric population, with an incidence of <1% of all pediatric leukemia cases. This case study aims to evaluate Acute Erythroleukemia (AML-M6) in a one-year-old boy at Prof. dr. IGNG Ngoerah Denpasar.
Case Presentation: A one-year-old boy with clinical manifestations of fluctuating fever for a month, paleness, bleeding gums, bruising all over his body, swelling of both eyelids and splenomegaly. Peripheral Blood Smear (PBS) examination revealed bicytopenia with moderate normochromic normocytic anemia, severe thrombocytopenia and leukocytosis. A hypercellular picture was obtained from the examination of Bone Marrow Aspiration (BMA) with an increase in erythroblast activity of 74%, proerythroblast at 50% and normal myeloblasts activity at 10%. The patient was diagnosed with Acute Erythroleukemia (AML-M6). The patient died on day 16 of treatment.
Conclusion: Based on the examination results, it was concluded that the patient was diagnosed with AML-M6 according to the PBS and BMA evaluation.