Background: Maxillofacial fracture is the most common injury in head and neck trauma patients. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic affects many sectors including restrictions on community mobility. This study aims to determine the profile of patients with maxillofacial fractures during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods: This descriptive observational study will evaluate the profile of maxillofacial fracture patients who came to the Emergency Department of Head and Neck Surgery Division of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya in 2021.
Results: Subjects were grouped by gender, age, month of visit and trauma mechanism. The ratio of prevalence between males and females was 5.7:1. The highest age distribution was in the range of 21-30 years (29.8%). Based on the month, the highest number of patients was in January (19.1%). Traffic accidents are the most frequent mechanism of injury by 85.1%. Isolated maxillofacial fractures occur mostly in the mandible by 47.6% and in multiple maxillofacial fractures on the maxillary bone by 76.9%. Associated trauma was found in 78.7% of the subjects, with the highest pattern being intracranial trauma as much as 34.1%.
Conclusion: There was a decreasing incidence of maxillofacial fracture cases in 2021. The highest prevalence was in males and most of the patients were in 21-30 years age group.