Background: African leaf is a traditional plant from southern Africa known as the Bitter leaf. African leaves (Vernonia sp.) belong to the family Asteraceae. African leaves (Vernonia sp.) are widely used as medicine, with bioactive compounds that are useful for curing various diseases. This study was conducted to find out the content of secondary metabolic compounds.
Method: About 120 grams of simplicia powder were extracted using 3:1 ethanol solvent. We conducted the identification screening test to reveal the phytochemical compounds of African leaves, such as alkaloid, triterpenoid, steroid, tannin, flavonoid, saponin, and phenolic. The phytochemical screening methods looked at changes in color and sediment.
Result: Based on the color reaction and deposition results in African leaves (Vernonia sp.), they contained compounds of the group alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids, and triterpenoids.
Conclusion: African leaf (Vernonia sp.) contained various compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids, triterpenoids, and phenolics.