Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/vwaMtqzZyI0
Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignant tumor in the nasopharynx with a high incidence of metastasis. NPC is one of the most common cancers in Indonesia, and from the age distribution, it often affects the productive age population. This study aims to describe the characteristics of NPC patients in Dr.Soetomo General Academic Hospital from January 2017 – December 2018.
Methods: This study is a retrospective descriptive by taking medical records of patients with NPC at Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, from January 2017-December 2018, that meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The basic data taken are gender, age, education, and occupation. Complaints assessed are the main complaints of patients who make patients come for treatment listed in the medical record data.
Results: Data from 262 patients showed that the five-year life expectancy for NPC sufferers in women is 84%, while in men, it is 78%. The main complaints of patients in this study were lumps in the neck in 130 patients (49.61%), with the highest distribution of patients based on stage IV a with 78 patients (29.77%), and the majority were non-keratinizing carcinoma undifferentiated type, with a total of 245 patients (93.51%).
Conclusion: Male sufferers are more than females; the largest age group is 41-50. Most jobs are private employees, and most sufferers' last education is high school. The main complaint of most patients was a lump in the neck, and the patient came with an advanced stage where the most found was stage IV. The histopathological type of most patients is non-keratinizing carcinoma undifferentiated type.