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Phytochemical screening and evaluation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity of fermented honey-garlic in hypothyroidism rats

  • Devyana Dyah Wulandari ,
  • Devyani Diah Wulansari ,
  • Andreas Putro Ragil Santoso ,
  • Ary Andini ,
  • Ersalina Nidianti ,
  • Rahayu Anggraini ,
  • Alfian Hendra Krisnawan ,
  • Firdaus ,
  • Mahestinnisa Mutiara Firdaus ,
  • Mun’im Azaki ,

Abstract

Introduction: Hypercholesterolemia is an indicator of atherosclerosis in blood vessels and is currently a top priority in overcoming health problems, especially non-communicable diseases in developed and developing countries. Thyroid hormones regulate various metabolic processes in the body including synthesis, mobilization, and lipid degradation. A lack of thyroid hormone in the body or called hypothyroidism will decrease the number of LDL receptors in the liver. This causes an increase in plasma LDL levels which also increases total cholesterol levels. Despite the lack of study, Fermented Honey-Garlic (FHG) is now widely developed for its high antioxidant activity. This study aims to determine the content of bioactive compounds in FHG by qualitative secondary metabolite testing and GC-MS analysis and to evaluate the activity of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) in rats with hypothyroidism.

Method: Rats were grouped into 6 groups: positive control group induced by propylthiouracil (PTU) with a dose of 20 mg/day, negative control treated with distilled water, treatment group with a dose of FHG 0.2 g/kg BW (P1), treatment group with a dose of FHG 0.5 g/kg BW (P2), treatment group with a dose of FHG 1 g/kg BW (P3) and standard drug Simvastatin group with the dose 0,18 mg/day/200 g BW.

Results: Results showed that FHG contained flavonoid compounds, alkaloids, tannins, and saponins, and statistical results showed that the significance value for G6PD activity was 0.014 (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Therefore, it can be concluded that FHG administration yields a significant effect on G6PD levels.

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How to Cite

Wulandari, D. D., Wulansari, D. D. ., Santoso, A. P. R. ., Andini, A. ., Nidianti, E. ., Anggraini, R. ., Krisnawan, A. H. ., Firdaus, Firdaus, M. M. ., & Azaki, M. . (2023). Phytochemical screening and evaluation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity of fermented honey-garlic in hypothyroidism rats. Bali Medical Journal, 12(2), 1901–1905. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i2.4286

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Devyana Dyah Wulandari
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Devyani Diah Wulansari
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Andreas Putro Ragil Santoso
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Ary Andini
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Ersalina Nidianti
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Rahayu Anggraini
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Alfian Hendra Krisnawan
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Firdaus
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Mahestinnisa Mutiara Firdaus
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Mun’im Azaki
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