Health profile of batik workers in Malon Village Indonesia
- Evi Widowati ,
- Arif Rahmat Kurnia ,
- Yuliati ,
- Yoris Adi Maretta ,
- Puji Lestari ,
- Muhammad Kurniawan ,
- Widya Hary Cahyati ,
Background: The making of batik in Malon Village utilized natural dyes. The process of making batik was done through 7 stages: designing pattern, tracing, outlining, coloring, fixating, masking and rinsing. Those processes were conducted with poor ergonomic working positions and were highly potential to cause injury for the batik workers. This study aimed at finding out the potential health risks that exist for the natural batik workers and the occupational health profiles of batik workers in Malon Village which is an icon for naturally dyed batik.
Method: This study was descriptive quantitative research by using observational design. The data were collected from subjective complaint questionnaires, workplace observation and measurement of Vital Lung Capacity (VLC) of the batik workers.
Results: The results showed that 45.5% of the working tools used poor ergonomic designs. Batik in Malon Village used four chemical irritants: wax, alum, soda ash and lime. All of them could potentially lead to health problems. The result also showed that around 61% of batik workers complained about stinging/ burning eyes, 28% watery eyes and 11% red eyes. In addition, 22% of them complained about itchy skin, 6% redness in the skin and 6% pain in the skin. The VLC showed that 50% of respondents had normal VLC, 47% mild restriction and 3% severe restriction.
Conclusion: The area where the batik workers worked had high health and safety risks, but only 22% of respondents used Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and all of the worn PPE did not meet the standards.