Introduction: Diet is one component of diabetes mellitus (DM) self-management for controlling blood sugar levels. Several obstacles in the implementation of the diet program have the potential for non-compliance, so that blood sugar levels tend to increase. Mindfulness eating based on spiritual intervention is one of the interventions that is expected to form adaptive eating behavior control to achieve dietary compliance and controlled blood sugar levels. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of mindfulness eating based on spiritual intervention on dietary compliance and blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: The study's quasi-experimental, untreated control group design included dependent pre- and post-test samples. The population used was all patients with type 2 diabetes. The sample was taken using a simple random sampling technique with determination according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The independent variables in this study were mindfulness eating based on spiritual intervention, while the dependent variables were dietary compliance and blood sugar levels. A glucometer and the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire (PDQ) were the tools employed in this investigation. The t-test was used as the statistical test.
Results: There were a total of 50 samples that were divided between the control group and the intervention group. The results of the statistical test showed that mindfulness eating based on spiritual intervention had a statistically significant effect on dietary compliance (p < 0.001) and blood glucose levels (p < 0.001) compared to the control group.
Conclusion: The value of diet adherence is greatly increased by mindfulness eating practices based on spiritual intervention, and mean blood glucose levels are significantly reduced at the conclusion of the study. Exercises in mindfulness eating that are based on spiritual intervention can be popularized as a way to deal with dietary issues and blood sugar regulation.