ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Iron defciency in women of reproductive age of Pekutatan Subdistrict, Jembrana, Regency Bali: association with demographic profles

Ketut Suega , Indah Elyani

Ketut Suega
Department of Internal Medicine Udayana University/Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Email: ksuega@yahoo.com

Indah Elyani
Department of Internal Medicine Udayana University/Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: February 08, 2017 | Cite this Article
Suega, K., Elyani, I. 2017. Iron defciency in women of reproductive age of Pekutatan Subdistrict, Jembrana, Regency Bali: association with demographic profles. Bali Medical Journal 6(1): 60-67. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i1.432


Background. Iron-deficiency anemia is an anemia that occured due to reduction of total iron content. The high-risk groups are women of reproductive age (WRA), pregnant women, students and adolescences. The aim of this study was to know the prevalence  of  iron deficiency  and its association with  level of education, meat consumption and menstrual pattern.

Methods. Population-base study using  analytic cross sectional was done. Simple random sampling were drawn from list of all WRA population statistical data in Pengeragoan village, Pekutatan subdistrict, Jembrana. WRA between 20-49 years old with their demographic data, meat consumption pattern, menstrual pattern and level of education were taken using questionnaire. Ferritin level < 20 ug/dl is considered iron deficiency state.  All data were examined with significancy level < 0.05.

Results. Out of  790 WRA registered, 80 subjects were recruited. Only 1(1.25%) subject was found having abnormal menstruation pattern and 5 (6.25%) of them having anemia. Low ferritin serum  < 20ug/dL was foun in 11 subjects, so iron deficiency prevalence was 13.75%. Mean ferritin serum was 64.45 ± 3.95 ug/L (range 5.3-150 ug/L). This study found no relationship was noted between meat consumption, level of education and menstrual pattern  and ferritin level in WRA subjects ( p > 0.05).

Conclusion. Iron deficiency was found 13.75% and no association was discovered between level of ferritin serum and meat consumption,level of education , menstrual pattern.

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