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The relationship between potential ergonomic hazard with complaints of musculoskeletal disorders

  • Moch. Sahri ,
  • Indira Ratu Felia ,
  • Akas Yekti Pulih Asih ,
  • Budhi Setianto ,


Introduction: The potential risk of ergonomics can cause musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is one of the causes of work accidents with complaints in various parts of the skeleton that are felt by a person, these complaints can be in the form of damage to joints, ligaments, and tendons. The purpose of this study was to develop potential ergonomic hazards and analyze complaints of Musculoskeletal disorders in thin plate, pipe, and machinery workshop workers of the commercial ship division of Shipbuilding

Methods: This study used an observational research design with a cross-sectional design. The population used was 57 people from the thin plate, pipe, and machinery workshops in the merchant ship division, and used 50 people as samples by accidental sampling. The variables in this study were age, years of service, part of work, potential hazards of the ergonomics, and complaints of muscle disorders. The instruments used are questionnaire sheets and observation sheets contained in SNI 9011:2021. Analysis was carried out using the chi-square test using SPSS ver. 25.

Results The results of this study indicate that all respondent workers are male with an age range of 21 to 45 years with a percentage (54%) aged 21-34 years, working period of 5 – 10 years a percentage (48%), and workers in the cutting or fit as much (42%). 38 respondents have a value of 7 potential ergonomic hazards which are dangerous. The neck, shoulders, lower back, and, calves are the parts that workers often complain about because they work in a sitting position with the lower back and looking down.

Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between the level of risk of musculoskeletal disorders and potential ergonomic hazards. Further studies with more comprehensive designs are needed to validate these findings so that can be used as protocol or in further analysis.


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How to Cite

Moch. Sahri, Indira Ratu Felia, Akas Yekti Pulih Asih, & Budhi Setianto. (2023). The relationship between potential ergonomic hazard with complaints of musculoskeletal disorders. Bali Medical Journal, 12(3), 3236–3240.




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