Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/5LTsY60dY0s
Background: Myopia is one of the numerous visual problems that continue to increase in incidence throughout the world. Various genetic and environmental factors are thought to influence the onset of myopia. Myopia is known to have a significant impact on the economy, vision problems, and a decrease in quality of life so that it needs serious attention. This study aims to explore the relationship between parental risk factors with degree severity of myopia.
Methods: This study is an analytic observational study research design. The population of this study are patients diagnosed with myopia in the Ophthalmology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included as samples. Data are gathered through medical records and by questionnaire, this includes age and spherical equivalent (SE) in right eye or left eye. Degree of severity was classified based on SE. Myopia’s degree of severity and parental history are then analyzed to determine the relationship.
Results: A total 72 patients were included in this study. The majority of participants have a familial history of parental myopia. The degree of severity with the highest frequency is low myopia. The results of statistical tests showed that there was no relationship between history of parental myopia and the severity of myopia in the right eye (RE) (p-value = 0.712) and the severity of myopia in the left eye (LE) (p-value = 0.565).
Conclusion: There was no relationship between the history of parental myopia and the severity of myopia.