Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/mBRqppCkDcM
Background: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. Along with the development of science and technology, life expectancy has also increased, but the number of geriatric patients with colorectal cancer and undergoing surgery has also increased. Geriatric patients have many factors that can affect the patient's prognosis. Thus, a screening tool to predict the outcome of rectal cancer geriatric is needed.
Methods: An observational analytic study with a retrospective cohort study design. This research was conducted by taking medical record data and laboratory results of patients with rectal cancer treated at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 for Windows.
Results: Patients with malnutrition, decreased hemoglobin levels, albumin, and increased platelets affect mortality and postoperative complications of rectal cancer patients. There was a significant association between the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and preoperative Hemoglobin, Albumin, Lymphocyte, and Platelet (HALP) scores on mortality and postoperative complications in geriatric patients with rectal cancer (p<0.05). GNRI associated with length of stay in geriatric patients with rectal cancer. However, there is no significant relationship between Hemoglobin, Albumin, Lymphocyte, and Platelet (HALP) preoperative scores on length of stay in geriatric patients with rectal cancer (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Both screening predictors of rectal cancer outcome, namely GNRI and HALP, have a significant relationship with patient mortality and complications.