Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/Jb1SATaI8oQ
Introduction: The difference in the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) before and after chemotherapy, which is commonly called the delta NLR, is thought to be a better predictive factor than pre-chemotherapy NLR or post-chemotherapy NLR in breast cancer patients.
Methods: We analyzed 130 locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) patients who received anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya from January 2017 – December 2021.
Results: Out of 130 patients, 91 (70.0%) responded to chemotherapy. Bivariate analysis showed a significant relationship between delta NLR and chemotherapy response (p = 0.002). Patients with delta NLR < 0 achieved a significantly higher rate of clinical response to NACT compared to those with delta NLR ≥ 0 (OR: 4.67, 95% CI: 1.69 – 12.85, p: 0.003)
Conclusion: LABC patients with delta NLR < 0 have better clinical response to anthracycline-based NACT than those with delta NLR ≥ 0.