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The autoinoculation approach for treating viral warts: a literature review

  • Bagus Haryo Kusumaputra ,
  • Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan ,
  • Ferina Oktariani Tariza ,
  • Maylita Sari ,
  • Irmadita Citrashanty ,


Link of Video Abstract:


Viral warts are infections caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) that commonly appear worldwide and at all ages. The autoinoculation treatment method of inducing the body's immune response seems to be a therapeutic option for recalcitrant viral warts. Several autoinoculation therapy techniques can be used for viral warts, which will be discussed in this review. This study aims to evaluate the autoinoculation approach for treating viral warts as a literature review. This study compiles previous eligible studies from authoritative articles published in several online databases. Autoinoculation therapy is easy to perform and does not require sophisticated equipment. It has good efficacy, where complete remission occurs in 60–75% of cases. However, there was no response in the range of 2.5 to 31% of patients. There were no harmful side effects from this treatment. Autoinoculation therapy is an inexpensive and simple technique that may be considered in multiple warts, high recurrence, and hard-to-reach areas.


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How to Cite

Kusumaputra, B. H., Listiawan, M. Y., Tariza, F. O., Sari, M., & Citrashanty, I. (2024). The autoinoculation approach for treating viral warts: a literature review. Bali Medical Journal, 13(2), 800–804.




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Bagus Haryo Kusumaputra
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Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan
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Ferina Oktariani Tariza
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Maylita Sari
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Irmadita Citrashanty
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