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Maternal serum docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels as a predictor of preeclampsia risk in urban and rural areas of developing country

  • Safinaz ,
  • Budi Prasetyo ,
  • Agus Sulistyono ,
  • Muhammad Yusuf ,
  • Erry Gumilar Dachlan ,
  • Muhammad Dikman Angsar ,


Preeclampsia is one of the maternal health outcomes that can be influenced by nutritional status during pregnancy. Globally, preeclampsia afflicts 4.6% of all pregnancies and constitutes a significant contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. Prior investigations have proposed that the administration of DHA supplements during pregnancy could offer a potential means to avert and manage specific pregnancy-related complications. Women living in urban and rural areas in developing countries, including Indonesia, may have poor food habits characterized by a low consumption of animal products. Pregnant women in urban areas were found to consume less meat, fish, and eggs. A lack of certain nutrients in the diet, such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), may also increase the risk of preeclampsia in pregnant women. This literature review aims to investigate maternal DHA levels as a predictor factor in preeclampsia risk in urban and rural areas of developing countries.


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How to Cite

Safinaz, Budi Prasetyo, Agus Sulistyono, Muhammad Yusuf, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, & Muhammad Dikman Angsar. (2024). Maternal serum docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels as a predictor of preeclampsia risk in urban and rural areas of developing country. Bali Medical Journal, 13(2), 576–581.




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