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Health belief model approach in reducing worm infections in elementerary school in North Aceh, Indonesia

  • Rizka Sofia ,
  • Yuziani Yuziani ,
  • Wheny Utariningsih ,


Link of Video Abstract:


Introduction: The prevalence of worm infections in Indonesia is still relatively high, about 2.5% - 62%, depending on geographical conditions, education, economics, environmental sanitation and community hygiene. Elementary school students have an increased risk of worm infections due to personal hygiene and environmental factors which cause high levels of worm infections in students. Implementing the health belief model (HBM) will be a model for identifying public understanding regarding preventive and promotive efforts to reduce the risk of worm infections. This study aims to determine the application of the HBM for reducing worm infections in elementary school students in Lapang sub-district in North Aceh.

Method: This type of research is a purposive sampling with a cross sectional design. A number of 120 respondents are from elementary school in Lapang sub-district, HBM was measured by using a questionnaire. Worm infection was determined from the results of fecal examination using the direct slide method.

Results: The results found that 45.8% students experienced worm infections, majority's perception of susceptibility to worm infections (67,3%), perception of seriousness (65,5%), and perception of benefits (65,5%) were in low category but perception of barriers was in high category (58,2%). HBM Assessment Analysis on perceived vulnerability shows a p-value of 0.020, perceived seriousness shows 0.034, perceived obstacles show 0.021, and perceived benefits shows 0.022. The four HBM concept assessments have a value of p<0.05.

Conclusion: The results concluded that the Ho meaning was accepted which there was a relationship between HBM and the reduction of worm infections.


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How to Cite

Sofia, R. ., Yuziani , Y. ., & Utariningsih, W. (2023). Health belief model approach in reducing worm infections in elementerary school in North Aceh, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal, 12(3), 3431–3435.




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