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Aerobic walking exercise improves dynamic balance but not muscle mass in office workers with mechanical chronic low back pain

  • Muhammad Devy Hardiyanto ,
  • Meisy Andriana ,
  • Andriati ,
  • Damayanti Tinduh ,
  • Paulus Sugianto ,
  • Soenarnatalina Melaniani ,


Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a musculoskeletal disorder that commonly occurs in office workers, mainly due to sedentary lifestyles, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Chronic LBP causes musculoskeletal system deficiencies, such as lumbar proprioceptive and muscle mass changes that can cause balance deficiency. Aerobic Walking Exercise is expected to be one of the solutions to improve this condition due to its easy implementation and patient compliance.

Methods: 32 office workers were divided into control and treatment groups. Both groups received conventional low back pain rehabilitation exercises. The treatment group received additional walking aerobic exercise for thirty minutes three times a week for eight weeks. Dynamic Balance was assessed with the Five Time Sit to Stand (FTSTS) test. Muscle Mass was assessed using Bioimpedance Analysis. Measurement was taken before and after eight weeks of intervention. Exercise supervision is carried out using the telerehabilitation method.

Results: The results showed a significant increase in FTSTS in both groups and a non-significant increase in muscle mass in both groups. Comparison of FTSTS change values between post-treatment groups showed a significant increase (p = 0.00), while in muscle mass, there was an insignificant increase (p = 0.28). There were no side effects during treatment.

Conclusion: Adding walking aerobic exercise for eight weeks can improve the dynamic Balance of office workers with chronic low back pain.


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How to Cite

Hardiyanto, M. D., Andriana, M., Andriati, A., Tinduh, D., Sugianto, P., & Melaniani, S. (2024). Aerobic walking exercise improves dynamic balance but not muscle mass in office workers with mechanical chronic low back pain. Bali Medical Journal, 13(3), 1021–1025.




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Muhammad Devy Hardiyanto
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Meisy Andriana
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Damayanti Tinduh
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Paulus Sugianto
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Soenarnatalina Melaniani
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