ORIGINAL ARTICLE

The relationship between emotion dysregulation with psychoactive substance abuse in nurses working at hospitals of Kermanshah Iran 2016

Jahangir Karami, Khoda Morad Momeni, Peyman Hatamian

Jahangir Karami
Associate Professor, Psychology Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

Khoda Morad Momeni
Associate Professor, Psychology Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

Peyman Hatamian
MA Student, Psychology Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran. Email: Hatamian152@gmail.com
Online First: July 10, 2017 | Cite this Article
Karami, J., Momeni, K., Hatamian, P. 2017. The relationship between emotion dysregulation with psychoactive substance abuse in nurses working at hospitals of Kermanshah Iran 2016. Bali Medical Journal 6(3): 495-499. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i3.640


Introduction: Nurses are the largest group working in hospitals and play a key role in health care systems. They are also considered important members of health team.  Therefore, they are very effective in society's and one's health. Objective: This article aimed to study the relationship of emotion dysregulation with psychoactive substance abuse among nurses. Method: This is a descriptive, correlational study. The targeted population consisted of all nurses working in hospitals of Kermanshah, Iran in 2016. A sample of 350 was selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. However, the number reduced to 341. The data were collected using three questionnaires: Gratz & Roemer (2004) Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) and Bahremand et al. (2014) Psychoactive Substance Abuse Questionnaire. The data were analyzed in SPSS22 using Pearson correlation study and regression analysis. Result: Research findings showed a significant relationship between the components of emotional dysregulation with tend to consume psychoactive drugs there, and the relationship level (P <0/001) is significant. Conclusion: So it can be concluded that components of emotion regulation predicted the psychoactive substance abuse.

References

Philip C, Carling MD. Optimizing Health Care Environmental Hygiene, Journals Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, Volume 30, Issue 3, 2016, Pages 639–660.

Shahnaz Dust, M.; Maghsoudi, Sh.; Tiri, R.; and Kazem Nejad Leyli, E. The Relationship between Burn Out and Occupational Support of Nurses, Journal of Gilan University of Medical Science, 2011, 26 (80), 49-59.

Min-Chi Chiu BS. Evaluating work ability and quality of life for clinical nurses in Taiwan; 2007, P. 318-26

Hasson D, lindfors P, gustavsson P. Trends in selfrated health among nurses: a 4-year longitudinal study on the transition from nursing education to working life. J Prof Nurse; 2010, 26(1), 42-66

Agha Jani, M.J.; Tiz Dast, T.; Ayas Ghorbani, M.; and Yajrou, M. The Relationship betweenPsychological Hardiness and Burn Out of Nurses, Journal of Comprehensive Nursing and Midwifery; 2013, 23 (70), 1-7

Azami, Y.; Sohrabi, F.; Yarjali, A. and Choupan, H. The Effectiveness of Emotion Regulation Training based onGross Model in Reducing Impulsivity in Drug-dependent Individuals, 2014, 8(30), 128-141.

Setorg, S.; Kazemi, H.; and Raeesi, Z. The Effectiveness of Metacognitive Treatment inCraving Beliefs Associated with Psychoactive Substance Abusers, Quarterly Journal of Addcition, 2013, 7 (28), 148-162

Ghadimi, A.; Karami, J.; and Yazdanbakhsh, K. The Relationship betweenEarly Maladaptive Schemas and Metacognitive Beliefs orAddiction Susceptibility, Journal of Psychological Health, 17 (2), 67-73.

Tonetti L, Adan A, Caci H, Depascalis V, Fabbri M, Natale V.Morningness- eveningness preference and sensation seeking. European Psychiatry; 2010, 25(2): 111-115.

Lindgren KP, Mullins PM, Neighbors C, Blayney JA. Curiosity killed the cocktail? Curiosity, sensation seeking, and alcohol-related problems in college women, ddictive Behavior, 2010, Pages 11-28

Ahmadi Tahour, S. and Najafi, M. Comparing Metacognitive Beliefs and Tolerance of Ambiguity of Addicts, Smokers and Normal Individuals, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2011, 4 (12), 59-67

Sarah E, GardnerH, Lucy R, BettsS &et al. The role of emotion regulation for coping with school-based peer-victimization in late childhood,JournalsPersonality and Individual Differences; 2017,Volume 107, Pages 108–113.

Aldao A, Nolen-HoeksemaS, & SchweizerS. Emotion- regulation strategies across psychopathology: A meta_analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review; 2010, 30, 217-237

Najafi, M.; Mohammadi Far, M.A.; and Abdullahi, M. Role of Emotional Performance and Tendency to Drug Abuse: Role of Components of Emotion Regulation,Distress Tolerance and Sensation Seeking, Quarterly Journal of Social Health and Justice, 2015, 2 (5), 53-68.

Tamir M, Mill gram Y. Motivated Emotion Regulation: Principles, Lessons, and Implications of a Motivational Analysis of Emotion Regulation,Journals, 2017

Thomson P, Jaque V. Self-regulation, emotion, and resilience,JournalsCreativity and the Performing Artist; 2017, Pages 225-243

Karami, J.; Zakiee, A.; Hatamian, P.; and Bagheri, A., Comparing Emotion regulation Difficulties and Emotional Styles of Smokers and Non-smokers, Journal of Urmia Medicine, 2016, 27 (10), 848-855.

Esmaeel Nasab, M.; Andami Khoshsk, A.; Azarmi, H.; Samar Rokhi, A., The Predicting Role of Emotion Regulation Difficulty and Distress Tolerance of Addiction, Quarterly Journal of Addiction Studies and Drug Abuse, 2014, 8 (29), 49-63.

Samani, S.; Sohrabi, S.; and Sadat, S. The Role of Emotion Regulation in Relation to Emotional Problems of Parents, Journal of Psychological Methods and Models, 2011, 3 (1)

WuL,&et al. Emotion regulation in heavy smokers: experiential, expressive and physiological consequences of cognitive reappraisal, Front Psycho; 2015, 6: 1555

Sutherland MT, McHugh MJ, Pariyadath V, Stein EA. Resting state functional connectivity in addiction: lessons learned and a road ahead. Neuroimage; 2012, 62: 2281–2295

Ghanadi Farnoud, M. and Alillou, M.M. Predicting Tendency to Cigarette, Alcohol, Narcotics, andPsychoactive Substance based on Emotion Regulation Difficulties andChild Abuse of Individuals diagnosed with Borderline Personality Traits, Quarterly Journal of Addiction, 2014, 8 (30), 98-112.

Janfaza, M. and Shirazi, M. Predicting Role of Emotion Regulation Difficulty and Self-Control orAddiction Susceptibility,Quarterly Journal of Addiction, 2015, 9 (33), 58-69

Mitchell L, Johun t.emotion dysregulation, ADHD and Smoking. Duke University, durham. Nc; 2013, 09-00211

Grits KM, Roemer L. Multidimensional Assessment of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Development,Factor Structure, and Initial Validation of the Difficulties inEmotion Regulation Scale. J Psychopathic Behav Assess; 2004, 6: 41-54.

Shams, J.; Azizi, A.; and Mirzaee, A. The Relationship of Distress Tolerance and Emotion Regulation with Extent of Attachment of Smoker Studnets, Journal of Hakim, 13 (1), 11-18.

Bahremand M, Janajni P, Omrani A, Alikhani M. The Relationship of Family Functioning and Self-differentiation with Respect to Psychotropic Substances among Teenagers, Adv. Environ. Biol; 2014, 8(6),1663-1668

Aghaee, M. The Relationship of Personality Traits and Problem-Solving Strategies with IndustrialPsychoactive Substance Abuse of Male Students, Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Branch, 2015.

Dragan M. Difficulties in emotion regulation and problem drinking in young women: The mediating effect of metacognitions about alcohol use, Addictive Behaviors; 2015, Volume 48, Pages 30-35.

Parker J.D, Taylor RN, Eastabrook J.M, Schell SL & Wood L.M. Problemgambling in adolescence: Relationshupes with internet misuse, gaming abuse and emotionalintelligence. Personality and individual differences;2008,45, 174-180

Doran N, Mc Charque D, Cohen L. Impulsivity and the reinforcing value of cigarette smoking. Addictive Behaviors; 2007, 32, 90-98

QuinnPatrick D. Fromme K. Self-Regulation as a Protective Factor against Risky Drinking and Sexual Behavior, Psychol Addict Behav. September;2010, 24(3): 376–385.


Article Views      : 0
PDF Downloads : 0